A. Renaissance History
The term Renaissance means "rebirth", and is the period in European civilization, immediately following the Middle Ages. The Renaissance began in northern Italy and then spread through Europe. Italian cities such as Naples, Genoa, and Venice became centers of trade between Europe and the Middle East. Arab scholars preserved the writings of the ancient Greeks in their libraries. When the Italian cities traded with the Arabs, ideas were exchanged along with goods. These ideas, preserved from the ancient past, served as the basis of the Renaissance. Some writers would date its origin specifically from the reign of Frederick II, from 1215 to 1250. Others believe Italian Renaissance began with Giotto in 1267 to 1337, who is considered to be the first painter to have broken the tradition of Byzantine art at the end of the middle ages. Giotto made advances in representing the human body in a more realistic way. Frederick ll was well versed in languages and science, and was a patron of scholars. (http://www.mrdowling.com/704renaissance.html) Some writers date the Renaissance quite precisely, some say the starting point is 1401, when the rival geniuses Lorenzo Ghiberti and Filippo Brunelleschi competed for the contract to build the bronze doors for the Baptistery of the Florence Cathedral (Ghiberti won).
B. Carpe diem theme used by male personas in Marlowe’s and Marvell’s works
To His Coy Mistress by Andrew Marvell, and The Passionate Shepherd to His Love by Christopher Marlowe, share several characteristics as well as many striking differences. Marvell's poem calls upon the carpe diem concept in order to persuade a lady he had fallen in love with to bed. Marlowe, uses the same concept to eventually attempt to get the woman that he loves to stay by him. The man throws himself to her, promising her endless commitment and a future life full of bliss, promising much more than he could ever fulfill. These two poems are...