Patryce J. Stephenson
October 9, 2011
Renaissance Comparison Essay
The Renaissance periods in Italy and Northern Europe were an important time in the history of art. The two cultures shared many things from architecture, paintings, literature, sculptures and philosophy. The Renaissance period from both eras persisted with the devotion to Christianity. During the Italian Renaissance Italy seen a number of changes happen such as the development of nation states, the advent of commercial capitalism, the emergence of the middle class, and the rise of rationalist thought along with the expansion of learning, Northern Europe seen these types of changes at a slower pace.
The Renaissance in Italy was based upon Humanism. Humanism was based upon the classical literary and philosophical writings of the Greeks and Romans. Several Philosophers emerged, they believed in the worth and dignity of the individual by celebrating the human reason, spirit and physical beauty of the individual (Janetta Rebold Benton, 1993). Architecture during this period showed a renewed interest in the ancient Roman models for mathematically correct proportions (Janetta Rebold Benton, 1993). An example of this type of architecture is the church of Sant’ Andrea in Mantua. Created by Leon Battista Alberti, his design used the triangular pediment of a classical temple with the arches characteristic of ancient Roman triumphal arches (Janetta Rebold Benton, 1993). In Italy many of the architects trained as humanists in order to raise their own status from a skilled laborer to an artist. This was to ensure that their architecture would appeal to both emotion and reason (Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2002).
The art during the Italian Renaissance artists considered scientific principles such as proportion, anatomy, and perspective. The early Renaissance period brought forth the painter Masaccio. One of his paintings can be found...