World History 2
“The Renaissance is studded by the names of the artists and architects, with their creations recorded as great historical events” (Arthur, 2008). The Renaissance was an epoch of great art and literature, and was a period of time when people shifted away from the ideas and traditions of the Middle Ages. Many of the most prominent educators, artists and architects were from this period. Artworks dating from the 15th century to the 16th century, during the Renaissance era, express ideas of individualism, imitations of classical antiquity and the understanding of proportions and realism.
Michelangelo’s David, the self-portrait of Raphael, and Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa depicts the idea of individualism. Unlike the paintings during the Middle Ages that mostly contained religious themes that glorified God, the works of these artists focused on the potential of man, and each of them had their own unique style that showed their different talents and capabilities. "Art in the Renaissance brought out the individual” (Scottman, 2008). Michelangelo’s sculpture, David (1501-1504) shows the idea of an ideal Renaissance male. The sculpture is shaped into a physically perfect man who stands in a confident manner. This symbolizes that man’s capacity for personal development is unlimited; knowledge and a broad range of abilities are within every man’s reach (How To Be, 2008). A self-portrait of Raphael (1504-1506) also shows how individualism was valued during the Renaissance. Raphael’s self-portrait of himself portrays the idea of “self-glorification” (Scottman, 2008). Leonardo used many of his own novel techniques and ideas to paint Mona Lisa. The way the subject’s eyes were painted, the way the subject’s mouth curved into a subtle smile, and the landscape behind the subject that appears to be a fictional place gave the painting it’s uniqueness (The Mona Lisa, 2009). Many of the artists during the Renaissance focused...
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