University of Phoenix Material
Remembering, Feeling, and Thinking Worksheet
Part I: Motivation, Emotion, and Behavior
Explain the relationships between motivation, emotion, and behavior. How does emotion affect motivation? Give an example of a specific behavior and the motivators and emotions that can be behind that behavior. Your response should be at least 300 hundred words. Motivation can be defined as the driving force behind all the actions of an individual. The influence of an individual's needs and desires both have a strong impact on the direction of their behavior. Motivation is based on your emotions and achievement-related goals. When you feel like the world is against you and you would rather stay in bed and wallow, rather than go out there and face the world again. Your motivation is not going to be at an all-time high. Motivation stems from components that involve the drive and performance of learned responses, such as a learned behavior will not occur unless it is energized.
Motivation can be perceived as a crucial influence on behavior. It helps progress the ability to effectively solve problems and make decisions. Motivation is the behavior that is originated and directed toward a desired goal. This conduct can vary in intensity and persistence. The lack of motivation then causes you to stay in that little world of self-pity for as long as you feel down and depressed. Our motivation relies very much upon just how happy we truly are. If you feel lousy about yourself, you will not have much motivation to change things because you will not feel worthy of the change. Drives and needs can produce emotions, too. Consider the example of the person swimming underwater who comes up under a raft. The need for air will produce not only a struggle to reach the edge of the raft, but also intense fear. Extreme hunger or thirst is also likely to result in emotional responses such as grief anger or fear. Some psychologists have come to accept the idea that people cannot think about motivation without considering that individual’s emotions. Emotions are a crucial part of motivation. The short-term actions can account for goals, pressures, and threats while long-term behavior often fails. Emotion differs from motivation by the fact that there is not a goal orientation associated with it. This interaction is a result of the collaboration of perception, responses, and feelings. As these examples indicate there is sometimes no clear-cut separation between motivation and emotion. Generally, though, we can think of motivation as arising from some internal source such as deprivation of a biological requirement (food for instance) and of producing some sort of goal-directed behavior (such as searching for food). On the other hand, we can think of emotion as being an internal state usually produced by an external stimulus and not necessarily leading to any particular behavior. In fact, a given emotion can result in many different sorts of behavior, even within the same individual. Huitt. W. (2011). Motivation to Learn. Retrieved January 30, 2013, from http://www.edpsycinteractive.org/topics/motivation/motivate.html
Part II: Theories of Emotion
Summarize the four major theories of emotion. Identify which theory of emotion you think is the most valid. What makes this theory more valid to you than the others? Identify which theory of emotion you think is least valid. What makes this theory less valid? Your response should be at least 300 hundred words.
The four main theories of emotion include: * the James-Lange theory,
* the Cannon-Bard theory,