Religoin

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 98
  • Published : April 3, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
Christianity Study Guide

Summary Points: Origins

Students learn about:

The historical and cultural context in which Christianity began

Students learn to:

Outline the historical and cultural context in which Christianity began • Power was centred in Jerusalem during first century Judaism • Fierce sectarian rivalry existed between the different Jewish sects, particularly between the Pharisees, Sadducees and the Zealots who sought to control the direction of the religion • The Messianic expectation, a central tenet of Jewish belief reached a high point during the time of Jesus. Jewish speculation that the Messiah was to be a political saviour was the result of centuries of political oppression by the Romans • Jesus who sought to renew the Jewish religion in the spirit of the prophets, came to be seen as the Messiah by his followers

Students learn about:

Jesus Christ

Students learn to:

Examine the principal events of Jesus' life
• Whilst Jesus is typically known as the founder of Christianity, he did not seek to establish a new religion. Rather he intended to oppose the legalism of Judaism and reform the tradition in the spirit of the prophets • The main focus of Jesus' preaching was the reign of God • The reign of God envisages a world where God's values such as love, peace and cooperation are realised. This vision, that was inaugurated through Jesus' ministry, will be completed at the end of time. Until then it is the responsibility of the followers of Jesus to live in accordance with these values and to lead others to them. Subsequently, the reign of God is considered to be a present yet future reality • Jesus is believed to have been born of a virgin in Bethlehem • Jesus travelled from Nazareth to Galilee where he was baptised by John the Baptist • He preached around the region of Galilee and attracted disciples some of whom were women and many were socially disadvantaged • Jesus taught in parables mostly concerning the reign of God • In the Gospels he is frequently depicted as a healer or a miracle worker • Jesus' preaching brought him into conflict with the Jewish authorities • Jesus' ministry took him to Jerusalem where he stayed for the Passover • He was arrested and sentenced to death by crucifixion • He was placed in a tomb on the eve of the Passover and appeared to his disciples after being raised on the third day • The synoptic problem and modern biblical scholarship reminds us that the Gospels were written for a particular target audience as a way of passing on the faith of the community rather than with the intent of providing an accurate historical account of the life of Jesus

Students learn about:

Jesus Christ

Students learn to:

Explain why Jesus is the model for Christian life
• Jesus is the model for Christian life because he embodies the reign of God, that is God's dream for humankind that lies at the heart of Jesus' life and ministry • The reign of God refers to the realisation of God's vision for the world, where the values of love, justice and peace prevail. Jesus inaugurated God's dream for the world through his ministry, and showed people how to bring about the reign of God, which will be completed at the end of time • Jesus' embodiment of the reign of God can be identified according to four significant aspects of Jesus' life and ministry: Jesus lives a life of prayer, Jesus lives a life of service to others, Jesus acts as an advocate for the poor and Jesus loves and forgives others • The Gospel portraits of Jesus show him to be a man of prayer, often withdrawing from the pressures of daily life to pray in a quiet place, and does so especially as he approaches key moments in his ministry and during times of personal crisis • Jesus also teaches his disciples some important principles of prayer such as...
tracking img