Religion, Doctrine and the Student Teacher in Jamaica

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Plan of Investigation
The topic of interest for research purposes is the Anglican Church. The theme of the research is “HOW HAS THE ANGLICAN CHURCH DEVELOPED OVER TIME IN JAMAICA”? The rationale of my research into is to i.identify leadership structure within the Anglican Church, ii.highlight the implications of religious diversity in the classroom iii.justify the dominance of religion as the driving force of Jamaica The methodologies for research are internet sources, books on religious/ historical views and precepts and primary source. The Diocesan website hosts the records of speeches done by the Bishop of Jamaica and information on Protestantism and the Anglican Church. These are substantiated by published works of non- Protestants and non-Anglicans to provide with a clear and general picture of this denomination which dismisses any misconceptions concerning the mission of the Church.

My objectives for research are the factors that led to the establishment of the Anglican Church in Jamaica; what changes the Anglican Church in Jamaica experienced since its establishment; and the contributions the Anglican Church has made to social development in Jamaica.

The internet sources provide the relevant information and the books I read assisted by being unbiased and informative. The main limitation in doing this research was personal because I’m an Anglican and could find no information concerning the history of my rectory, St. David’s Anglican Church, St. Thomas.

PROTESTANTISM
Protestantism began in 1517 when revolt ensued against the Roman Catholic Church. The Protestant’s main arguments for distinguishing itself from the Roman Catholic Church included allegations that the established church was `` burying the true meaning’’ of God’s holy word beneath humanly ascribed traditions such as worshipping the saints and idolatry. Hence, theology, worship and social organization were reconstructed by the reformed doctrine of Protestantism, on which is built the Anglican Church. The four main radicals who were instrumental in the foundation of Protestantism were a German monk, Martin Luther, a Swiss priest, Ulrich Zwingli, Andrew Carlstadt (he wanted the abolition of infant baptism) and Thomas Muntzer. The unraveling of the Christian religion in the sixteenth century spread throughout Europe until leadership was assumed by a Frenchman named John Calvin. After the Peace of The Emperor Constantine, the Church moved from being a persecuted minority to being a powerful and privileged enclave. Gradually the Church came to define itself as the spiritual enclave in Christian countries. If power and privilege could accomplish God’s way for human life, the world would have been transformed into a paradise in the Middle Ages when the Church was at the height of its power. However, as Lord Action wrote in a letter to Bishop Mandel Creighton, 5th April, 1887, “Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely. John Calvin was responsible for exporting Reformed ideology to other nations throughout Europe including England and Scotland. Calvinism had much influence in England and the dissenters successfully gained control of the Church of England when in the 17th century the Church of England was introduced to the New World. Protestantism reached the New World in 1655 when Calvinists and Lutherans of the Anglican Church sought to cultivate religion by emphasizing morality which was the doctrine extracted from simplified biblical translations.

Copy of original document, Anglican Church Records, Jamaica Archives, Spanish Town, Jamaica

Document signed by the Most Rev. Archibald Campbell, Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate of All England giving his consent for “the several dioceses of Jamaica as have been or shall hereafter be formed within the limits of the West Indies and of Central or South America if the Synods or Church Councils of such Dioceses shall so desire shall be united...
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