- Conscience is at the core or heart of every person
- People experience the call to goodness in a number of ways - human heart questions begin in the conscience
Conscience: a person’s most secret core and sanctuary. The intellect judging the rightness or wrongness of our own individual acts. It deals with concrete actions.
People who listen to their conscience’s ‘can hear God speaking’ !
EXAMINATION OF CONSCIENCE
The purpose of an examination of conscience is for an individual to discover whether or not they have behaved as God taught. Where they have, they need to give thanks. Where they have not, they need to ask for God’s forgiveness and for the help to change for the better.
How often?: everyday
It helps them to build upon their good
behaviour and see if and where they may
still need to change
It helps them to see that they have not
disobeyed God and therefore do not
need to feel guilty.
It helps them to prepare for death, which
can come unexpectedly, and for the judgement of their lives by Christ after death. They can see where they have done wrong deliberately, and ask for God’s forgiveness.
- Conscience calls people to do good and to avoid evil
- Natural law is the law of God inscribed in human nature
- Divine law includes the ten commandment in light of the teachings of Jesus - God wants to forgive and heal
Conscience calls people to do good and to avoid evil
3 Elements of Moral Decision:
- the action itself: god’s laws are the criteria for deciding whether an action is right or wrong - the intention: the intention must be good and right
- the circumstances: if the consequences of the action, (even if it is right) are wrong, then it is morally wrong.
When all 3 conditions are all good together then it is morally good !
Natural law is the law of God inscribed in human nature
Definition: the law of God placed in human nature to help people know what is morally good/evil. It is discoverable through the use of human reasoning.
This was damaged by sin. As a result:
People can be:
- mistaken about what is right and wrong
- confused by feelings
Natural Law - Human Rights:
- human life must be respected as sacred.
- All human beings have human rights
- A foetus is a human being there fore it has human rights
Divine law includes the ten commandment in light of the teachings of Jesus !
Ten commandments, commandments of Jesus
Frees people from confusion about what is morally right/wrong. !
Definition: God’s revealed law in the form of the Ten commandments and Jesus’ two commandments: to love God and neighbour
Sin: disobedience against God by deliberately thinking, speaking or acting in an unholy way Sin: us turning away from God
The conditions for sin:
- which law did it break?
- did I know beforehand?
- did I do it purposely?
God wants to forgive and heal
Baptism forgives all sins.
- Reconciliation and anointing are to forgive and heal
- also in the eucharist (asking for forgiveness)
First principle: everyone is obliged to form their conscience Learning To distinguish between right and wrong:
- learn and use necessary skills - the ability to learn from right or wrong is needed to develop a moral conscience
- First requirement is to learn the commandments of God
Developing moral conscience through behaving morally
- Practising developing a moral conscience is:
- recalling God’s laws before acting, working out the right thing to do - recalling laws after an event, working out what they did was right or wrong
People with formed moral consciences are able to do two things: - understand moral principles behind a moral choice
- relate the principles to the actual situation in which the choice is being made
Second principle: everyone is obliged to follow sincere...