Religion and Science

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Perhaps the most striking thing I have realized through this course is that science is not

fact. In The Structures of Scientific Revolutions, Thomas Kuhn discusses how the process of

science and discovery works. He says science is defined by paradigms, meaning that there has to

be a widely accepted theory in order for science to work. For example, evolution is the paradigm

of biology, and all biologists assume the theory of evolution to be true when they do their

research. While I did not know what the definition of a paradigm was before taking this course, I

understood that this is how science generally works. However, what I did not understand was

that this “paradigm system” in science can cause major misconceptions about the world. Because

of paradigms, science is not cumulative. If a paradigm is proven wrong and a new paradigm

takes its place, the new paradigm might be completely different from the old one. For example,

before Copernicus discovered that the sun is the center of the solar system, most scientists

researched the universe under the assumption that everything revolved around Earth. This makes

me wonder if there are any modern paradigms that are actually not true at all. If so, it would

imply that today’s scientists are assuming things that are not even true. I was also intrigued by

the idea that you cannot prove that science is getting any closer to the truth. Just because an old

paradigm was proven false does not mean that the new one is true. It could just as easily be

proven false sometime in the future. I now recognize that there will always be uncertainty

surrounding science, and this uncertainty has made me wonder if the truth to everything in the

universe cannot be explained through science by itself.

The idea of an intelligent designer is one that I have never put a lot of thought into before

this class. I never denied the existence of a God, but I have always agreed more with the

naturalistic viewpoint that everything can be explained through natural processes. However,

through some of the course readings and class discussions, I now think that the existence of an

intelligent designer is very possible. The complexity of our universe is so intense that scientists

today cannot even try explain many of its unanswered questions. In chapter ten of Rethinking

Darwin: A Vedic Study of Darwinism and Intelligent Design, Leif Jensen discusses this

complexity and how our universe could not have come into existence without an intelligent

designer. Our universe is perfectly designed for life. It depends on so many constants, and Jensen

argues that there is no way it could have come into existence by chance. Also, it is virtually

impossible to know everything about the universe, as it is potentially infinitely large. Because of

its massive size, it is impossible for science to prove that physical laws apply throughout the

entire universe. These are just a few of many ideas that science cannot possibly explore. Despite

everything we have discovered about the universe, there will always be unanswered questions.

The universe outside of Earth is not the only area of science with unanswered questions,

however. All fields of science have uncertainties and things that cannot be explained from a

strictly scientific viewpoint.

Like with the study of the universe, there are a lot of uncertainties in many other fields of

science, including biology. According to Theodosius Dobzhansky, “nothing in biology makes

sense except in light of evolution.” This quote perfectly sums up how biologists conduct their

research. They must assume the naturalistic process of evolution to be true. But what if there is

more to evolution than can be explain through natural processes alone? After reading Jensen’s

work, I am now a lot more skeptical that evolution is driven solely by natural processes. Jensen

gives many...
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