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Religion

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Secularism and Religion
Ashley L. Cooledge
HIS104: World History Civilization II (AFH1246A)
Kimberly O’Brien
December 3, 2012

Secularism comes from the European Enlightenment that transformed the way we view things globally; politically and religiously originating from causes of European society back in the Middle-Ages. My paper will highlight some of Europe’s historical events particularly: the Protestant Reformation of Christianity, Wars of religion in the sixteenth century and early periods, the French Revolution and also the Enlightenment. Secularism can be defined as the solution to the bloody and irresolvable wars of religion that fallowed the Reformation. It is the separation of religion and state and understood as the Enlightenment situation. It is a concept that brings together certain behaviors, knowledge’s and sensibilities in modern life. Secularism is an important movement in history. In the sixteenth and seventeenth century the Protestant Reformation was a major European movement that aimed at reforming the beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. It symbolically shifted the direction of Christian thought which emerged a new worldview of the relationship of the Church to its people and redefined what it means to be a Christian, Martin Luther a German Priest was the influence of why the Protestant Reformation first began to form due to the Catholic Church abusing their status and selling indulgences of salvation to the common people (Getsz & Brook). In the seventeenth century secularism emphasized the complete exclusion of religion from every aspect of public life. The Reformation was thrown into political, military and economic upheaval as nations descended into wars of religion over doctrinal and theological disputes. The war was an international religious conflict and a German civil war involving Lutheran, Reformed, and Catholic regions and nations that lasted for thirty years. Religion plays a...