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The Religious Journey to Great Britain

RELS 205
Final Assignment

The Religious Journey to Great Britain

The purpose of this trip is to show the students how religion has flourished in the Britain and what we can learn from each site during a tour. This is a general guideline in how the tour will take across the southern part of Britain where most of our tour will take place. The free time is given to the students in each city by an hour or two to make sure the students observe the Britain itself as well with exception of London as the last days of tour will be mostly in London. Our trip to the Great Britain will start with the city of London, where many religious sites are concentrated in. On the first day, upon arrival, the Temple church will be visited. The Temple church is a round church because it was how they believed the temple in Jerusalem was originally built. Inside the inner temple, Crusaders from 1091 to 1200 are buried. This church is important for the students because crusaders are the man of beliefs who fought to recapture the holy site of Jerusalem they believed in. Also without their sacrifice, the fate of Western Europe would have been decided by the Muslim armies and the Christianity would have been oppressed. According to the Christian Traveler’s Guide to Great Britain, crusades were essentially defensive wars intended to protect Europe and Christian pilgrims. It is important to note this site not because of the myths around the Crusaders and the Da Vinci Code, but because to see how the belief in the religion, belief in what’s right has led these man to raise their sword. In Religious Studies a religious belief is often a form of commitment to a way of life and involves the acceptance of the DOGMA of a religious community. The temple church well represents how this religious belief was carried by the crusaders. This will end our first day.

On the second day, we will visit The Westminster cathedral. The cathedral is the mother church of the Roman Catholic community in Britain and Wales and is the current seat of the Archbishop of Westminster. (“Westminster Cathedral”) The church is the largest in the Britain and Wales. It is constructed in the Byzantine style, which means that it has characteristic of geometric complexity, brick and plaster used in the construction in addition to stone in the decoration of structures. Mosaic and complex domes, and windows filtered light through thin sheets of alabaster to illuminate interiors. (“Byzantine Architecture”) The Westminster cathedral represents the religious custom that has carried on in the Roman Catholic. The Archbishop of Westminster become cardinal in consistory and the mass of the catholic shows how the custom of a religion carries down. Custom is a habitual action what has been passed on from the past that underpins the social life. (Concise Dictionary of Religion, 59) This cathedral was visited to understand the tradition that has carried on in a mass as well as to understand the importance of rituals. Ninian Smart, the professor who founded the first department of Religious Studies, has analyzed that all religions contain rituals. Ritual is one of the key features religion carry, and by acknowledging this we can fully understand how each religion operates in the society. We’ll end our second day in the London giving some free time for shopping and other activities after visiting the Cathedral. On our Third day we move to Peterborough, specifically Peterborough Cathedral. Built between 1117 and 1217, it is said to be excellent example of British Romanesque architecture that is simple and unified, with the west front and the porch in the Gothic style. It is a beautiful church which has remained intact from 12th century despite extensions and restoration. (“Peterborough Cathedral”) Also Henry VIII’s first wife, Catherine of Aragon is buried in the north aisle. Originally she was married to the brother of Henry VIII, Arthur....