In Ancient Rome, gods/goddesses, heroes and religious observances played an important role in their everyday lives. Evidence shows that this was true for the people in Pompeii and Herculaneum, where the people recognised many different gods from many different reglions and worshipped them in a variety of ways, both in public and in the privacy of their homes. For instance, they offer daily offerings, have ceremonies every month (plus other ceremonies such as births, coming of age, wedings and special anniversaries) and attend temples (2 times a day).
Religion at home was a very important part of their daily lives. This was evident in the 'De Domo Sua, 41,109' written by an ancient Roman writen named Cicero. 'The most sacred, the most hallowed place on earth is the home of each and every citizen. There are his sacred hearth and his household gods, there the very centre of his worship, religion and domestic ritual'' -Cicero.
To do their daily offerings, the people of Pompeii and Herculaneum had small shines (lararia) with small statues or painted images of the househole gods (lares) who were believed to protect the home and the family. Each day the master of the household (paterfamilias) would gather he's family and slaves around the lararium , make an offering to the lares and say a prayer for the protection and prosperity of the household. Household religion was very important to the people of Pompeii. Evidence showes that after the earthquake of ad 62 most of the damaged lararias were quickly restored or replaced. During the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, people took statues of lares with them.
The temples of Pompeii had 2 primary functions which were to house the images of the gods and things assosciated with their worship and a place were correct rituals of the gods were carried out by the priest to honour the gods. So far 10 temples have been excavated in Pompeii which were all Temples of the Roman gods (such as Apollo, Venus, Jupiter) but one...
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