Samudra Biswas CIA III, 2ND EPS Regn No 1214415 Christ College Political Ideologies 231 Teacher Sindhuja Iyengar
“On Gandhi: Don’t ever forget, that we were not lead by a saint with his head in clouds, but by a master tactician with his feet on the ground.” ― Shashi Tharoor “I believe that Gandhi’s views were the most enlightened of all the political men in our time. We should strive to do things in his spirit: not to use violence in fighting for our cause, but by non-participation in anything you believe is evil.” ― Albert Einstein “You can chain me, you can torture me, you can even destroy this body, but you will never imprison my mind.” -- Mahatma Gandhi
I write this project in spirit of modesty to talk about one of the greatest figures of history and the relevance of his principles in today‘s world. The memory of Mahatma Gandhi today, in India is reduced to rituals. His ideals are forgotten and much of what he stood for is remembered only in parts and misunderstood. Many young people brought up on modern ideas wonder what wisdom there is in turning the other cheek if someone strikes you on one cheek. Similarly, there is no place for simplicity in one's life, when everybody is turning towards western life styles and way of thinking. In the care free money oriented attitude that pervades our life today, talk about morals and non-violence certainly seems out of place. If we say that the twentyfirst century is the century of the common man, then we see that Gandhism has even more relevance in this age, and Gandhi will inspire generations of individuals fighting for goodness of the society.According to me Mahatma Gandhi has become all the way more pertinent in the 21st century. It is not an easy task to consider the relevance of Gandhian principles for the contemporary world. But if one accepts the teaching that Satyagraha made Mahatma Gandhi and not the reverse, and that it would outlive him, the Gandhian model offers norms and techniques for our age.
WHAT IS GANDHISM?
Gandhism was the ideology of the Indian national liberation movement led by the national bourgeoisie. Gandhism (or Gandhianism) is a collection of inspirations, principles, beliefs and philosophy of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (known as
Mahatma Gandhi), who was a major political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian Independence Movement. It is a body of ideas and principles that describes the inspiration, vision and the life work of Gandhi. Technically it is behavior associated with Mohandas Gandhi and certain civil rights leaders, such as Martin Luther King, Jr., whereby participants compel change through non-violent initiatives. Gandhi‘s approach was not just about the non-violent action, it was about eliciting an unjust, violent reaction. It was not about avoiding suffering of the people, but welcoming it. However Gandhi did not approve of 'Gandhism', as Gandhi explained: ''There is no such thing as "Gandhism," and I do not want to leave any sect after me. I do not claim to have originated any new principle or doctrine. I have simply tried in my own way to apply the eternal truths to our daily life and problems...The opinions I have formed and the conclusions I have arrived at are not final. I may change them tomorrow. I have nothing new to teach the world. Truth and nonviolence are as old as the hills.'' CONTRIBUTION OF GANDHISM TO THE MODERN WORLD Gandhi and his principles has made numerous contributions to India, the following are the more significant: First, his idea of India as ek-praja or an inclusive nation or one nation. Second, there is his scheme building a non-violent social order in a country rent for centuries by violence originating in caste, gender and religious differences. Third, his approach to solving the problem of India‘s chronic poverty and his doubts about the suitability of the nine-teenth century type of industrialization. Fourth, there is his contribution as a...