Relationship Between Leadership Styles and Ages

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RESEARCHING & REPORTING
CO301/401
END OF TERM ASSESSMENT
PROJECT: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AGES AND LEADERSHIP STYLES ********O********
Prepared for: Mrs. Ewa Maciejewski
Prepared by: Le Hang Nguyen 3HE2
Thi Luu Nguyen 3HE2
Date of submission: 11/01/2012
Abstract
The research explores the relationship between Ages and Leadership styles, by using a questionnaire survey to collect data from 100 managers from different Hospitality organizations and at different organizational level in Montreux, Switzerland. The research question is identified as “ what role does Age play in the perception of leadership style”. There have been some research publications focusing on influences of age on the leadership style (for example, Kabacofff and Stoffey, 2011; Mitchell, 2000; Vinnicombe and Kakabadse, 1999). The authors found that the older managers were mature, saw challenges and had long-term perspectives in managing people, in contrast, younger managers were competitive, and result oriented and adopted an open style of management. Since some people have asked what relevant age has to do with leadership, we do a research on 100 managers in Montreux to explore those theories. The findings suggest that the younger and older manager have different profile in their autocratic and democratic leadership style (consultative and participative). Older manager is more autocratic in decision-making process, more consultative in employees’ opinion and more participative in employees’ performance in comparison with younger manager. However, the two groups of manager both apply laissez-faire leadership style at the same level. Key words: Age group, Leadership, Managers, Autocratic Leadership style, Democratic Leadership style, Consultative Leadership style, Participative Leadership style, Delegate Leadership style.

Acknowledgements
The special thank goes to Professor Van Gau Vu, University of Social Sciences and Humanities. The consulting and support that he gave truly help the progression and smoothness of the report. Additionally, we would like to thank our friends from Swiss Hotel Management School, who help us in discussing, creating the questionnaire survey and understanding the project.

Table of Contents
Abstract2
Acknowledgements3
List of Tables4
List of Illustrations5
List of Appendices6
Literature Review8
Methodology10
Chapter 1: Autocratic leadership style11
Chapter 2: Democratic leadership style13
Chapter 3: Laissez-faire (Delegative) leadership style16
Conclusion18
References19
Bibliography20
Appendices22

List of Tables
Table 1……………………………………………………………………………………... Table 2……………………………………………………………………………………...

List of Illustrations

List of Appendices
Questionnaire Survey……………………………………………………………………….

Literature Review
As the difference in ages of workers, managers in today’s organization, different leadership styles may be applied in a same organization. Base on a leadership study of Kurt Elwin (1939), he identified that there are three different styles of leadership: Autocratic, Democratic and Laissez-Faire. Autocratic style is about taking decisions without consulting with others, providing what, when and how things need to be done. Democratic style is usually the most effective one that allows group member’s input in making decision, while Laissez-Faire style offer little or no guidance to group members and leave decision-making up to them. Kakabadse et al. (1998) concluded in their investigation of senior federal-government Australian civil servants and top directors in the UK National Health Service Trust organization that gender is not a significant demographic factor in defining leadership perspective and performance. They recommended that organizational demographic factor such as the age of individuals is considerably influential in shaping the philosophy, attitudes and behavior of leaders in organization. Kabacoff and Stoffey (2001) examined multigenerational...
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