Any educational institution is an agency to provide knowledge and wisdom to children. And it is also geared towards the achievement of aims and objectives. The quality of education should be value based and it should give experiences which will shape and modify the behaviour of pupil. Every teacher has a greater responsibility in planning proper activities which will enable children to take active part in different situations which the teacher creates in the class and outside the class room.
Learning takes place through experience. A child is exposed to various situations in life where he interacts and modifies his behaviour. Home is one of the most important places of education. The child learns a number of things at home and tries to imitate his parents’ actions and deeds. Society also provides the child with a number of learning experiences which may have adverse effect and some other experiences have a wholesome effect. He also learns a number of things from his peer groups such as cooperation, honesty and helpfulness, etc.
2. Various aspects of learning experience:
Learning is a never-ending process and we can keep on learning until the day we die. Learning takes place by thinking, feeling and doing. Going to school and college is not the only way one can learn. There are various ways to learn, and learning styles differ from person to person but no one’s learning style is better than another’s is. However, there are various types of learning and the most important ones are through seeing, listening and through touch experience. Therefore, learners can be classified by the way they learn and depends on which sense organ they use - the eye, ear or their hands to learn. When we are small, our mothers often warn us not to go near fire or the stove or anything hot as it can cause burns on our body. Those who listened to their mothers did not touch or go near the fire because they believed in their words. Some saw their older siblings touch fire, and got burnt and so through seeing they learnt the experience. Others actually touched the fire and learnt that fire does cause burns and this was a simple case of learning experience. The children learn and take an active part in the situation created by the teacher in the classroom. It is an interaction of the learner with the situation created by the teacher. E.g. the teacher reinforces the student for answering the question. This in turn gives the pupil encouragement to give answer in different situations. This becomes a learning experience which will help pupil to modify his behaviour. Learning is an interactive process. Students need to be actively involved in tasks that are achievable, useful, relevant, and challenging if they are to respond successfully to the curriculum challenges posed to them. The teaching methodology recommended in this curriculum is the pattern of Experience - Information - Application - Action. All instruction begins with the students’ experience, so that subsequent teaching may be connected to it. Next, information is given to inform the students’ experience. The students are then required to apply that information, helping them to absorb the information. Finally, the students recommend or take some action which will show that the learning has made a difference in their lives. Experiential Learning:
Experiential learning is inductive, learner-centred and activity oriented. Personalized reflection about an experience and the formulation of plans to apply learning to other contexts are critical factors in effective experiential learning. The emphasis in experiential learning is on the process of learning and not on the product. A teacher can use experiential learning as an instructional strategy both in and outside the classroom. Experiential learning makes use of a variety of resources. 3. Characteristics of Learning experiences:
Teacher must provide a variety...