By Miko L. Morelos
Philippine Daily Inquirer
First Posted 22:11:00 03/12/2009
Filed Under: Education
MANILA, Philippines -- Filipino female second-year high school students consistently outperformed their male counterparts in mathematics, according to two surveys conducted by a US government agency.
Citing the findings of the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2003 and 1999, the Science Education Institute (SEI), an attached agency of the science department, viewed the steady performance of the female high school students as "empowering women in the scientific realm."
"The studies show that though empowering women in the scientific realm is an uphill climb, it is very possible to achieve that goal," institute director Dr. Ester Ogena said in a statement.
The mathematics test is composed of five sections namely: number, algebra, data, geometry and measurement. The number section tested the students' understanding on number theories like integers, fractions, ratio, etc., SEI information Mark Ivan Roblas explained in a phone interview.
The data section, meanwhile, tested the comprehension of pupils when numbers were presented in tables, graphs and figures, he added.
Results showed that female students topped the data, algebra and number sections of the mathematics test, scoring 26 percent, 30 percent and 32 percent respectively. In the same sections, male high school students put up 24 percent, 26 percent and 29 percent respectively.
In the measurement exam, both groups posted an even 21 percent mark, while male students topped the geometry test, scoring 25 percent over their counterparts' 24 percent.
In the 1999 survey, female high school students clinched the number, data and algebra sections, with mean scores of 382, 410, 355 respectively, as against...