For the purposes of this paper it will be important to define philosophy and religion more technically, to see where some of their basic differences lie. The general difference between religion and philosophy lies in that religion seeks truth through belief and faith, whereas philosophy bases truth on opinions and conviction, through a person's reasoning and speculation. There have been philosophers who have argued that logic alone cannot determine truth, however they do not focus on faith as a basis for reasoning. When a religious person speaks the words Amen', they are literally reiterating what they believe and are speaking of without further speculation, as Amen literally translates to I believe it'.
The subject of philosophy is sure to draw certain general ideas of what philosophy studies, however, there are certain Islamic Philosophical texts that have a specific focus on heaven and hell, which I will analyze. "In the common parlance of European languages, philosophy' evokes the idea of something having to do with general principles, governing reasoning laws, conceptual definitions, the origin, and end of things, and still to some extent wisdom, and one speaks only... [continues]
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