September 05 2011
Parole happens when the release of an inmate, before the termination of the inmate’s court-imposed sentence, with a period of supervision to be successfully completed by compliance with the conditions and terms of the release agreement ordered by the Commission. The decision of the Commission to parole an inmate shall stand for an act of grace of the State and should not be considered a right. Probation is a period of supervision in the community imposed by the court as an alternative to imprisonment. These offenders are supervised by the Department of Corrections. While on probation, a condition of the sentence may be to have weekly or monthly meetings with a probation officer. Other conditions might be applied to probation. A person might not be able to drive, or might have a curfew. He or she must also not commit further crimes while on probation, or the probation may be violated. This empowers the courts to send the person to jail to serve the length of the original sentence, and to serve any additional time for new crimes. Parole, on the other hand, is granted to people who are in jail. With many crimes, sentencing has a highest amount of years imposed. These years in jail, however, can be shortened if the person convicted of a crime behaves well in prison. After a time, a person in prison “comes up” for parole (probation and parole, 2010)
Community corrections are an added way of rehabilitation for a released imamate. Screened applicants are assigned by the court to the program. An ankle bracelet is placed on an offender's ankle and they are monitored while in the public. Offenders can maintain working or attend court ordered programs while limited to their home at specified times. All participants must pay to be in the program unless acknowledged impoverished by the court. Assignment varies from 15 days to 6 months. As states struggle to keep the public safe while also slowing the skyrocketing costs of prisons, they are looking closely at their probation and parole systems. They are examining who is placed on supervision, what parole officers' jobs should be, what caseload is appropriate, and what the consequences should be for violating the conditions of release (Prison on other Countries, 2009). With these recommendations: Recommendation 1 - Reduce overcrowding in prison facilities. Recommendation 2 - Enact legislation to expand positive reinforcements for offenders who complete rehabilitation programs and follow the rules. CDCR [California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation] must improve on matching offender needs with program objectives. Recommendation 3 - Select and utilize a risk assessment tool to assess an offender's risk to reoffend. Risk assessments tools have been utilized for parolees, and should be expanded tom assess all offenders. Recommendation 4 - Determine offender rehabilitation programming based on the results of assessment tools that identify and measure risks and needs. CDCR should develop and utilize a risk-needs matrix to assign offenders to programming. Recommendation 5 - Create and monitor a behavior management (or case) plan for each offender. Case plans are critical to assigning offenders to the right programs. Recommendation 6 - Select and deliver a core set of programs for offenders that cover major offender areas. These include: academic, vocational and financial; alcohol and drugs; anger management; criminal thinking; family; and sex offenses. Recommendation 7 - Develop systems and procedures to collect and utilize programming process and outcome measures. This will allow CDCR to determine the effectiveness of programs, reasons for outcomes, and ways to improve. Recommendation 8 - maintain to develop and strengthen formal partnerships with society stakeholders. This will improve coordination of transition services for offenders moving from prison to their home communities. Recommendation 9 - Modify...