Annamarie Jenkins April 2, 2012 HCS/430
Federal Drug and Food Administration
“The Federal Drug Administration is an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services. The FDA organization consist of the Office of Commissioner and four directorates overseeing four core functions of the agency: Medical Products, and Tobacco, Foods, Global Regulatory Operations, and Policy, and Operations” (FDA, 2011). The FDA is responsible ensuring the safety of the public by making sure the product used is not contaminated. The FDA is responsible in speeding up advancements to make sure that new medications are safer and affordable as well as obtaining the information about the medication and foods to live a healthier life. The FDA is also responsible in fighting against terrorism by making sure that the food is not tainted with chemicals that could cause an epidemic of mass destruction.
The Federal Drug Administration is the oldest consumer protection agency in the United States Federal government. Its origin can be track back to the appointment of Lewis Caleb Beck in the Patent Office around 1848. The Federal Drug Administration was not known by this name until 1930. The FDA regulatory functions did not start until 1906 when the Pure Food and Drug Act was passed. The FDA has gone under major changes since 1906 along with the responsibilities this organization has today.
There are many significant dates for the Federal Drug Administration starting back to 1820 when 11 physicians meet to start the United States Pharmacopeia, the first compendium of standard drugs. From this time era many new Acts and Laws were established to ensure the safety of food processing. In June 1906 the first Act of Food and Drugs was passed by Congress to prohibit interstate commerce in misbranded and adulterated food, drink, and drugs (FDA, 2011). The Federal Drug and Food Administration since 1906 went through even more changes with more regulations established and more Acts signed into Congress. A few of these acts include coverage to ensure safety with cosmetics, making sure that medications were represented correctly, and ensuring the quality as well as inspecting food productions. It was not until the 1970s when the FDA was mandating that the labels on food and medications are clear on the contents of the products. In the 1980s the FDA revised the regulations to protect human subjects involved with researches that were done. The 1990s brought on the labeling of nutritional facts on food products to inform those the importance of nutrition. Since the beginning of the 2000s, the FDA has continue making changes to improve the food and drug laws and regulations to ensure the safety of consumers.
Scope and Source of Authority
The Federal Drug and Food Administration main source of authority is governed by the Commissioner of Food and Drug. There are four other entities that must report to the Commissioner, they are the Deputy Commissioner of Global Regulatory Operations and Policy, Chief Scientist, and Deputy Commissioner for Science and Public Health, Deputy Commissioner For Medical Products and Tobacco, and Deputy Commissioner for Food, Office of Food (FDA, 2011). There are several other members of authority of the Federal Drug and Food Administration that must report to that mention here as every organization has in a chain of command.
The Federal Drug and Food Administration has several...