Ethnic Conflicts, Politics of Regionalism and the Demand for NAGALIM : Perspectives On the Politics Of Regional Accommodation & Autonomy Dr Biswajit Mohapatra North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong
In the post independence era India has been witnessing a varying growth of regionalism and struggles .Regionalism in such different forms has also been accompanied by different degrees of violence. It has sought to legitimize itself by putting forward its rationale as if asking for a better deal from the Centre. The subsequent redrawing of India by creation of new states instead of contributing towards the extinction of regional sentiments has rather encouraged more people belonging to various ethnic communities to fight for new states on the basis of their language or ethnicity, thus spawning a hitherto new phenomenon, now popularly known as sub-regionalism. In the context of Nagaland, the question of Nagalim is seen by some as rather a dangerous form of regionalism, as it perceived to be based on desire, or hope, or fantasy, to form a separate nation of one's own out of all naga speaking people by integration of the contiguous areas ,has been a source for perennial ethnic conflicts between different ethnic groups living in the region. In this paper an attempt has been made to analyze the effect of regionalism and its furtherance on the ethnic groups and also on political action and attitudes and gauges the capability of it to endanger the fragile peace that exists now in the region.-----------
Ethnic Conflicts, Politics of Regionalism and the Demand for NAGALIM : Perspectives On the Politics Of Regional Accommodation & Autonomy Dr Biswajit Mohapatra North-Eastern Hill University,Shillong
The long struggle for independence in India has had a profound effect not only on ethnic groups but also on the political action and attitudes of our people. With the exception of a fragile peace ensured by negotiations between the political elites at the national and state level in the post independence period ,the political arena has not been short of any battlefield as marked by several conflicts in addition to the ever expanding demand of the political actors for more space and accommodation in the emerging political power structure in our country. These conflict shave deeply eroded traditional ethnic patterns in several regions as it extended its reach besides spreading incalculable political and economic disruption. It has, moreover, caused the dislocation and often threatening the obliteration of the smaller, less resistant ethnic groups. The north versus the rest of India distinction and the hostility between the two regions have been grounded in conflicts between peoples of differing culture and language. While the language and culture of the north is based on hindi, the other side has its own diverse, mostly non-hindi languages and cultures including the indigenous culture. Given the character of British colonial rule, limited accommodation between the two, was neither widespread nor went deeper to counteract a longer history of conflict in terms of development between these regions. At the same time, for their own reasons, the colonial authorities discouraged integration of the ethnically different north and south. There have been other tensions too generated not only by supposedly traditional antipathies but by competition for available scarce developmental resources. The reluctance of various groups to accept the so called North India domination did not however imply southern solidarity. The opportunities for power and wealth in the newly independent body politics and bureaucracy were limited; some groups felt deprived of their shares by an ethnic group in power. Moreover, ethnic groups at one time or another competed for more traditional resources, contributing to a heritage of hostility toward one another having been deprived of leadership opportunities as in colonial times During and after...