This paper explains how and what should be done to reform prisoners while incarcerated and what is actually being done at this point to ensure that inmates are actually prepared for society. It also tells how inmates have to prepare themselves physically and mentally to survive in the prison world. It explains as a result of trends in corrections, the personal challenges posed and psychological harms inflicted in the course of incarceration are growing around the world. The trends include harsh policies and conditions of confinement as well as the much needed of reforming as a goal of incarceration. As a result of this it makes prison time seem much longer. Without reforming prisoners face more difficult and problematic transitions as they are preparing to go back in to society. Among other things, social and psychological programs and resources must be made available in short and long term. In other words updated prison conditions as well as new or better programs are needed as preparation for release. This paper will also address the psychological impact of incarceration and its implications for post-prison free word adjustment. The pain of prison carries psychological cost. In this paper I talk about some of those cost examine their implications for post-prison adjustments in the world outside of prison and dealing with the transformation from prison to home.
Incarceration messes up relationships and deteriorates social unity; meanwhile the upkeep of unity is centered on lasting relationships. Once a member of a household is confined, the disturbance of the household structure distresses relationships among spouses, for example between parents and children, restructuring the household and community across generations. Mass incarceration creates a profound social change in relatives and communities. When considering the price of imprisonment, everything needs to be taken not only of the actual funds consumed on the maintenance of every inmate, which is typically knowingly higher than what is consumed on an individual sentenced to non-custodial sanctions, but also of the indirect costs, such as the social, economic and healthcare related costs, which are difficult to measure, but which are immense and long-term.
REFORMING INMATES AND PERPARING THEM PSYCHOLOGICALLY FOR RE-ENTRY IN SOCIETY
Her majesties prison in Nassau Bahamas has an existing prison act that is about 70 years old. Dr. Nottage said while many of the provisions of the existing legislation have been retained, the government believes the Correctional Services Bill is “well equipped to bring the Prison up to date with the realities of today while still penalizing offenders of the law.” This bill and all regulations should aid in improving the overall rehabilitation of inmates, it should also tighten up some of the existing privileges of inmates and address matters relating to officers servicing in the institution. Caring for persons in custody and working towards the rehabilitation of these persons should better prepare them to be reintegrated into society.
Research on inmate concerns and challenges regarding their reintegration and acceptance into society upon release from prison indicates that inmates often feel anxious about establishing family ties, finding housing, employment, being victimized or stigmatized and reoffending once they returned to their communities. The reentry of ex-inmates can increase the risk of child abuse, spousal abuse, the spread of infectious diseases, homelessness and community disorganization. In the Bahamas there are about 1,375 inmates in the prison system and about 783 are sentenced inmates. There are 2 executions as of this date out of the 1,375 prisoners 1.8% are females. There is a whole lot of psychological & mental stress from incarceration. Children are affected the most. Children usually develop feelings...
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