1. How did Charles Dicken’s Hard Times contribute to the reformation of the Victorian society?
Hard Times is the tenth novel produced by Charles Dickens that accentuates on a world of Darwinism and domestic breakdown in which those with power devour those with less or none. This is essay will seek to comment on how did Charles Dicken’s Hard Times contribute to the reformation of the Victorian society. This will be in reference to language and utilitarianism.
Firstly, in terms of language, Charles Dickens utilized the technique of parallelism at the opening of the book, highlighting the criticisms that lie behind the work, the criticism of a whole system of thinking, a whole ideology of the Victorian Society. Tricolon parallelism is employed in the lines “Now what I want is facts. Teach these boys and girls nothing but Facts. Facts alone are wanted in life” to show that fact is indeed a universal feature, capable of being realized here or there, with this individual or that. These are the first few sentences that appeared in the novel, so the readers are put into a utilitarian way of thinking as soon as he or she opens the book. This complies with the Victorian society living at the time of Queen Victoria’s reign as the elite is in total control of the society and its politics. Noblesse Oblige was their believes that it was the elite's duty to take care of society. As the ‘duty’ became a more manipulative way of conduct, Dickens found out about the danger of over possessive power in the elites towards the vulgar middle class and decided to make it in a crude and extreme manner so that everyone could come to a form of realization and choose to reform the society. Charles Dickens even accentuated on the reformation of the Victorian society through the character of Thomas Gradgrind. “A man of realities”, “A man of facts and calculations”, “A man who proceeds upon the principle that two and two are four” gave us the basic traits of this character who is a...
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