Reform Through Democratic Ideals

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Reform Movements
As Americans entered an era of transition and instability, they sought to expand democratic ideals in the society. In response to sudden changes occurring and traditional values being challenged, various reform movements during 1825-1850 began to focus on democratic ideals. The rise of religious revivals, movements for equal rights and protecting liberties of different social groups, the need to advance social technologies such as education, and desire to bring order and control helped reform the society to live up to the nation’s founding ideals.

Religion, was major aspect that was revitalized through the second great awakening. [Document B] This was, A major reform, as the rise of popular religion and a series of other religious revivals, reinforced American democracy and liberty. The second great awakening sought to have representation of democratic ideas. This had changed many theologies about how religion worked, from changing to more of a free will and equal based religion. Such religious reforms sought to expand democratic ideals into the churches.

Equal rights between slaves and women intertwined in which a woman slave wished to have the same rights as other non-slaved women. [Document C] Strong supporters of this were Elizabeth Stanton and Lucretia Mott presented and strongly supported the The Declaration of the Seneca Falls.[Document I] using the model of the US Declaration of Independence, demanded that the rights of women be acknowledged and respected by society. It was signed by sixty-eight women and thirty-two men. This expanded the democratic ideals of abolishing slavery too along with equal rights of everyone.

Education reform pushed by Horace Mann known as " The Father of American Education.” What is most important about Mann's view of school is that he saw in it an educational purpose truly common to all. As Secretary of the Board of Education, Mann the reason for the establishment of the first public normal school in...
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