Reflective Journal

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Reflective Journal Help
The following are helpful formulas for reflective journal writing.

Formula D-I-E-P
D – Describe objectively what happened • Answer the question, “What did I do, read, see, hear etc?

I – Interpret the events • • • • • Explain what you saw and heard; Your new insights; Your connections with other learning, your feelings etc; Your hypotheses; your conclusions Answer the question what might this mean?

E – Evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of what was observed • Make judgements clearly connected to observations made.

Evaluation answers the question, “What is my opinion about what I observed or experienced? Why? P – Plan how this information will be useful to you • What are your recommendations? (Be concrete)

Consider: In what ways might this learning experience serve my in my future?

Study & Learning Centre RMIT University © 2007

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Formula … D–I–E–P The following is a writing formula for reflective journal entries D – Describe objectively what happened – Answer the question, "What did I see and hear?"



I – Interpret the events – explain what you saw and heard. (Your new insights; your connections with other learning; your feelings; your hypotheses; your conclusions.) Answer the question, "What might it mean?" or “What was the reason I did this activity?”

Study & Learning Centre RMIT University © 2007

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E – Evaluate the effectiveness of what you observed/learned – make judgments clearly connected to observations made. Evaluation answers the question, "What is my opinion about what I observed or experienced? Why?"

P – Plan how this information will be useful to you. What are your recommendations? (Be concrete.) Consider: In what ways might this learning experience serve me in my future?

In your entries, attempt to: analyse your own performance as a learner; evaluate your gains in understanding and completing tasks; verbalise how you feel about your learning; make connections with...
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