1. Universal to all human beings but with distinctive Filipino flavour. 2. It has similarities with other cultures but different in priority. E.g. in china, honesty and hard work may rank highest; Chinese and Japanese cultures give great value to politeness and beauty: American culture to promptness and efficiency; and Filipino culture to trust in God and family centeredness. 3. It varied in how it is applied, through the norms and traditions. 4. Through historical accounts and influences, how it changes throughout each generation. AMBIVALENCE OF THE FILIPINO VALUES
* HIYA (shame/ sensitivity)-
* Negative, because it arrest or inhibits ones action. This trait reduces one to smallness or to what Nietzche calls the ‘morality of slaves’ thus congealing the soul of the Filipino and emasculating him, making him timid, meek and weak. * Positive, because a person considers other people’s feelings and avoids arguments or offense to others. * NINGAS-COGON (procrastination)
* Negative, by all standard, because it begins...