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VALUES- a principle, standard, or quality that has been freely chosen from alternatives and acted upon which is considered worthwhile or desirable. FILIPINO VALUES (the 1987 constitution is a formal document embodying social values deemed desirable for the nation. It has been claimed that the Philippine Constitution is the only constitution in the world which mentions the two words ‘God and Love”. The Preamble states; we, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony and secure to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and the regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality and peace, do ordain and promulgate this constitution. The Fourfold Base of Filipino Values:

1. Universal to all human beings but with distinctive Filipino flavour. 2. It has similarities with other cultures but different in priority. E.g. in china, honesty and hard work may rank highest; Chinese and Japanese cultures give great value to politeness and beauty: American culture to promptness and efficiency; and Filipino culture to trust in God and family centeredness. 3. It varied in how it is applied, through the norms and traditions. 4. Through historical accounts and influences, how it changes throughout each generation. AMBIVALENCE OF THE FILIPINO VALUES

* HIYA (shame/ sensitivity)-
* Negative, because it arrest or inhibits ones action. This trait reduces one to smallness or to what Nietzche calls the ‘morality of slaves’ thus congealing the soul of the Filipino and emasculating him, making him timid, meek and weak. * Positive, because a person considers other people’s feelings and avoids arguments or offense to others. * NINGAS-COGON (procrastination)

* Negative, by all standard, because it begins...
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