Reflection

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This reflection is divided into two parts: the importance of critical reflection and an evaluation of self. The first part will be drawing upon through the appropriate literature, and there are four points to prove the importance of critical reflection in personal development. It will be expounded and distinguish Reflection in action and Reflection on action. Then, the theory of Single and double loop learning will be introduced. Moreover, the reflection also includes the difficulties and challenges. In the second part, it will be reflected my own personal style or capabilities through MBTI Personality Test, because of there are two different styles for me, and through the comparison it will be proof which one is the best one. After confirming the style of MBTI Personality Test, I will give some my own examples, keep the strengths and come up with some suggestion of the weaknesses to support the above theories.

Reflection is thinking for a purpose and analyzing how people learn, it is also including evaluating how effectively people learn. Most of all, reflection includes being critical, it is not in a negative or destructive way, but through strict questioning and lucubrating what and how people learn (The Open University, N.D.). And Wade (1997) said: “Reflection provides a structured opportunity for individuals and groups to consider the ramifications of the service they provided and better understand their role in the larger community.” In addition, he presented the reason why people reflect on service activities. It shows the importance of reflection and the relationship with critical reflection. Critical reflection is one particular aspect of the larger process of reflection. Woods (2012) assessed that reflection is important for all people like ethics, because it can give people the opportunity to recognize where they have deviated from the fact. On the other hand, Brookfield (1995a) assessed six points of the reasons. He thought critical reflection can help people to take informed actions, develop a rationale for practice, avoid self-mutilation, then, ground people emotionally, activate studying atmosphere, and increase democratic trust. Moreover, he promoted the critical reflection “as the illumination of power and as the recognition of hegemonic assumptions” (Brookfield, 1995b). Critical reflection is an indispensable part to work or study; it has an important influence for personal development, because O’Connell (2011) stated that reflection is a cornerstone to Personal Development Planning (PDP), it offers a bridge between theory and practice.

Schon described two types of reflection: reflection-in-action and reflection-on-action in 1983. Both of reflection in action and reflection on action are important for personal development, but there is a big difference between reflection in action and reflection on action. Clarke assessed that reflecting in action occurs when one is able to consciously evaluate and make changes on the spot during an event (N.D.). Mueller assessed that reflecting allows people to recognize the biased psychology, discover the truth and allows people admit and correct the misbehavior or mistakes (2011). Honesty and openness are included in Pre-requisites for effective supervision and reflective practice. Gillings (2000) stated that a commitment to auto criticism and a readiness to change practice are important if the individual is to get the most out of the process. Reflection in action means in-the-moment reflection. For example, when students make a presentation, reflection in action can help them to adjust their condition to suit the audiences better (The Personal Growth Library, N.D. a). It means the reflection in action is evaluating one’s performance to make corrections. People can reflect it through three points: what you are doing well, how you can improve yourself, and what you should notice. Reflection in action is a powerful skill for improving performance and...
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