Reducing Traffic in Mumbai Local

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Case Study: Reduce Traffic By Resolving Contradictions
By KRD Pravin Population explosion is a curse as well as a boon for India. It is the second biggest market of the world. It is a strength, but at the same time it causes a scarcity of infrastructure and results in other infrastructure related issues. Mumbai is one of the most populated cities in the world. In numbers, Mumbai is roughly one percent of the Indian market. Residents of Mumbai face many problems on a daily basis such as housing, costly health facilities, scarcity of open space, water supply, crowded public transport (local trains as well as busses) and heavy traffic on roads – especially during rush hours. The main contributing factor to these problems is the growing population. Figure 1: The Streets of Mumbai "We are the problem" and "we struggle ourselves" to find the solution(s). The paradox is that there are many opportunities available a huge human resource is needed. But this great resource of humans constitutes the underlying problem – an imbalance between infrastructure and head count. A measurement system is needed to gauge the impact of travel-related problems on "quality of life" since it is intangible. An approximate measurement system for transportation, therefore, is also recommended for the problem of overcrowding in trains and traffic congestion on roads. This system calculates the overall impact of overcrowding and transportation on quality of life. Book m ark This Page Em ail This Page Form at for Printing Subm it an Article R e ad More Article s

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"I we nt through a cycle using the contradiction m atrix to solve a proble m , but I e nde d up with a whole bunch of ne w proble m s. Am I doing this right? Is this going to k e e p happe ning? Is the re an actual e nd?" C ontribute to this Discussion

The Problems
Whatever infrastructure Bombay Municipal Corporation (BMC) provides (or can provide) seems to be insufficient within just a few months. Roads cannot be widened beyond a certain width; the number of local trains cannot be increased considering in peak hours there are already local trains every three minutes. Due to these constraints, the problems of crowded trains and traffic jams arise and increase. Commuters' productive hours are decreased and result in the loss of business and personal human hours. Some observations related to the problems of commuting are: In morning peak hours, the commuters travel mostly from various suburban areas to south Mumbai and vice versa in the evening peak hours. During these hours, the issues faced on road are excessive pollution, reduced mileage of vehicles and a loss of natural resources due to traffic jams. Other issues faced by the commuters on roads as well as in local trains are delays, stress, discomfort during journeys, intangible professional costs, accidents and the potential for physical injuries. Travel against the flow (away from South Mumbai in the morning and back in the evening) is less, which results in nonutilization of resources. Figure 2: Travel on a Local Mumbai Train The problems, therefore, are: How to increase the ease of travel for commuters? How to reduce the waste of commuting time without...
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