Reducing and Analyzing Crime Through the Compstat Process

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Reducing and Analyzing Crime Through the Compstat Process

Prepared for

Professor Suresh Radhakrishnan SPHR, MBA

BUS 346 Business Communication

San Fernando Valley Campus, Burbank, CA

Prepared by

Isaac Lowe

03-13-13

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary ………………………………………………………………………ii 2. Overview of Compstat ……………………………………………………………………1 3. Four Compstat Principles …………………………………………………………………1 4. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has established a uniform Crime Reporting …….. 2 5. Computing Year to Date (YTD) Weekly Averages ………………………………………2 6. Creating the Crime Summary Report …………………………………………………….3 7. Analysis of Crime Data and Strategies ……...……………………………………………3 8. Crime Summary Report …………………………………………………………………4 9. Conclusion ………………………………………………………………………………8 10. References ……………………………………………………………………………….9

List of Illustrations
Figure 1 Crime Data Chart ………………………………………………………...4 Figure 2 Year to Date Crime Data Chart ………………………………………….4

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Reducing and Analyzing Crime Through the Compstat Process

Executive Summary

Law enforcement has developed strategies to reduce crime by analyzing crime data. Law enforcement has named this crime reduction strategy as the Compstat process. The Compstat concept analyzes the number and location of crimes and arrests as well as an analysis of suspects, victims, days and times to identify crime patterns, clusters, suspects and hot spots. There are four Compstat principles that are in place to effectively reduce crime. To reduce crime by analyzing the crime data, a Crime Summary Report and Crime Maps need to be produced so law enforcement can analyze the crime data. When creating the Crime Summary Report, you will need to compute Year to Date (YTD) Weekly Averages. Once you have the YTD weekly average, you can examine your current crime data to see if crime is increasing or decreasing. By comparing the current crime to the previous amount of crime you can see if crime is up or down and determine if the crime reduction strategies in place are working or if adjustments need to be made. The Compstat process and the Crime Summary Report are tools used for crime reduction.

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Reducing and Analyzing Crime Through the Compstat Process1

Overview of Compstat

Law enforcement has developed strategies to reduce crime by analyzing crime data. Law enforcement has named this crime reduction strategy as the Compstat process. The Compstat process was developed by former New York Police Department (NYPD) Commissioner William J. Bratton in the 1990’s. Compstat, stands for “Computer comparison statistics,” and is a system for managing police operations. The Compstat concept has been used widely in the law enforcement community in many different forms. The Compstat concept analyzes the number and location of crimes and arrests as well as an analysis of suspects, victims, days and times to identify crime patterns, clusters, suspects and hot spots. Law enforcement will create strategies to address the crime and implement it as quickly as possible. Law enforcement will consistently review, analyze the results and then repeat the process. This Compstat process can lead to the reduction of crime.

Four Compstat Principles

There are four Compstat principles that are in place to effectively reduce crime. The first principle is “Timely and Accurate Intelligence” which is knowing what crime is happening in your area. The Second principle is “Effective Tactics” which is having a game plan. The third principle is “Rapid Deployment” which is reacting quickly to where the crime is happening. The final principle is “Relentless Follow-up and Assessment” which is analyzing the results and making changes if needed.

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