Recycling of Paper

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Recycling one tonne of paper saves 17 average sized trees

Paper is usually made from trees.
We would need a forest more than three times the size of Devon to give us all the paper we use in Britain in one year. Try to buy things made from recycled paper, e.g. writing paper, envelopes, and even toilet rolls! Look for the recycling logo next time you go shopping. You buy something made of recycled paper.

You put your old paper into your recycling box/bin at home, or take it to a paper bank. The paper is taken to a factory to be recycled.
The paper is shredded.
The shredded paper has water added and is made into pulp (which looks a bit like porridge) and has the ink cleaned off. The paper goes through large rollers which squeeze out the water and flatten the paper into big sheets. The new sheets can then be made into new newspapers, books and magazines to be sold in shops. [pic]

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Recycling wrapping paper and greeting cards

If you're like me, you hate to throw out pretty wrapping paper. I use it as many times as I can to wrap gifts. I also save the fronts from old greeting cards. Here's a few ideas to re-use them:

Cover tissue boxes with old wrapping paper, and use the boxes as catch-alls. Cut out the pictures from the cards and hang with a ribbon as holiday decorations. Use the fronts of old cards as postcards. Cut out the flowers or objects from wrapping paper and cards to decorate a scrapbook with. Cover the outside of a sturdy cardboard box with wrapping paper, with the top flaps cut off. Use the box to fill as a "gift box" instead of a "gift basket". Send the card fronts to St.Jude's Ranch for children, where they make the cards into new cards. Cut out the shapes and pictures from old greeting cards, and then cut-and-paste them onto sturdy paper with a child; make an entire scene. You are limited only by your imagination! Have fun!

Paper recycling information sheet

| [pic] why bother? |[pic] what the law says  | |[pic] how's, what's and where's of recycling paper  |[pic] sources of further information  |

 The first piece of paper as we know it was produced from rags in AD 105 by Ts'ai Luin, who was part of the Eastern Han Court of the Chinese Emperor Ho Ti. Paper is made from cellulose fibre, the source of which can be pulped wood, or a variety of other materials such as rags, cotton, grasses, sugar cane, straw, waste paper, or even elephant dung! In this country, wood pulp is the most common source material for the manufacture of virgin paper, i.e. paper which has no recycled content. In 2004 recycled paper and board provided about 74% of the source materials for the 6.2million tonnes of paper manufactured in the UK's 76 paper and board mills. A further 7.7 million tonnes were imported. There are different sources of waste fibre used as a source material for manufacturing recycled paper. Mill Broke is "waste" paper which has never been used, either printers' off cuts or rolls damaged during production. When mixed with water the fibres are freed into pulp. The National Association of Paper Manufacturers does not recognise a paper as recycled if it contains more than 25% mill broke and/or virgin wood pulp. The recycling of paper which has been printed on and used is known as "post-consumer waste". It is more problematic, (see de-inking below), but it is still worthwhile. Paper cannot be recycled indefinitely, it can only be recycled 4-6 times, as the fibres get shorter and weaker each time. Some virgin pulp must be introduced into the process to maintain the strength and quality of the fibre, so no matter how much we recycle we will never eradicate the need for virgin fibre. 

Why bother?

In 2003/04, paper and card accounted for almost a third of all household waste collected for recycling, with almost 1.3 million tonnes being collected in England....
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