English for Academic and Professional Purposes (Part II)
Assignment 2: Research Report
“The Attitudes towards Waste and Recycling among HKU SPACE Community College Students.”
DAVID OSHLACK CORA CHAN LI WING NAM, VENUS (10457670) (10454461)
MAK OI YING, YUKI (10460402) MAN LOK YI , JOANNA (10453298) WONG WING MAN, WING (10454885) Class: CD 85-322-18-03 (01)
Submission Date: 19 November 2010
Table of Contents
Page Table of Contents List of Figures Abstract i - ii iii 1
1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Methodology 2 3-4
2. DISCUSSION 2.1 Waste 2.1.1 Waste in Hong Kong 2.1.2 Excessive Use and Disposal of Plastic Bags 2.1.3 Use of Recycle Bags 2.1.4 Household Waste 2.1.5 Consequences of Waste 2.2 Recycling 2.2.1 Introduction to Recycling 2.2.2 Environmental Levy Scheme 2.2.3 Hong Kong Recycling Systems 2.2.4 Advantages of Recycling 2.2.5 Attitudes towards Recycling 11 12 14 16 17 5 5 5 6 8 10
4. RECOMMENDATIONS 4.1 Strengthen recycling policies in Hong Kong 4.2 Increase home recycling
19-20 19 19-20
5. WORKS CITED
6. APPENDIX APPENDIX 1 Questionnaire Sample APPENDIX 2 Types of paper that can be recycled
24-27 24-26 27
List of Figures Figure 1.1 Gender of respondents Figure 1.2 Age group of respondents Figure 2.1 Frequency of using plastic bags Figure 2.2 Frequency of bringing recycle bags Figure 2.3 Reason for respondents not bringing recycle bags Figure 2.4 The item causing the most household waste Figure 2.5 Frequency of recycling household wastes Figure 2.6 Consequences of plastic bag waste Figure 2.7 The issue date of the environmental levy Figure 2.8 The reason of opposing the environmental levy Figure 2.9 The impact of using plastic bags after environmental levy Figure 2.10 Recycling programme joined Figure 2.11 Useful recycling programme Figure 2.12 The ways that people are aware of the programme Figure 2.13 Advantages of recycling Figure 2.14 How to handle household wastes before recycling
Page 3 3 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 15 16 17 18
1.1 Abstract This research investigates the behaviours and attitudes towards waste and recycling among students of HKU SPACE Community College. 50 copies of questionnaire, separated in two parts regarding wastes and recycling respectively, are distributed. The information is collected from questionnaire, printed and online books periodicals and electronic sources.
The findings of the first part reveal students recycle few household wastes used in their daily lives. Half of the respondents use plastic bags fewer than 3 times per week and bring recycle bags with them. Generally, the students know that plastic bag wastes may affect the environment, natural resources and both human beings and animals.
The findings of the second part illustrate almost all students have joined different kinds of recycling programs. By far the largest proportion of students supports the environmental levy scheme on plastic bags and reduces the use of plastic bags after issuing the scheme. The results also suggest that many students comprehend recycling can create better environment and ameliorate global warming.
This survey has provided recommendations for the government with the aim of raising the citizen’s environmental consciousness and efficiency of the recycling programs.
1.2 Introduction Every day, large amounts of wastes are produced. There are two types of wastes: solid wastes and special wastes. Solid wastes include municipal solid waste (MSW) and construction waste; and other special wastes include chemical waste and livestock waste (HKSAR). Besides the solid wastes, other serious pollutions exist in Hong Kong: air, noise and water pollutions are the good illustrations.
To deal with the imminent waste problem in Hong Kong, the 3 landfills are the main waste management facilities. However, because of the...