Reconstruction: High Hopes and Shattered Dreams, 1865-1877

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Rodrigo Gavilanez
Rodrigo Gavilanez
Professor Bonanno
History 152 Section H1
9 October 2008
Reconstruction: High Hopes and Shattered Dreams, 1865-1877
The United States of America faced a lot of difficult times during its history to get of what today we call America. At the beginning, two of the most important changes that American’s History remembers were the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863 followed by the Recontruction, 1867. Both of these changes in history allowed the end of slavery.

President Lincoln and his Republican Party played an important roll for the freedom of more than 4 millions former slaves, whom during decades had to suffer the discrimination and lack of freedom. On Lincoln’s efforts to abolished the slavery , he make use of his constitutional power issuing Pardons and Amnesty orders hoping this way to created loyal governments in the Southern states. However, many southern states were against the abolition and continue practicing slavery but Congress finally put an end by approving the Thirteen Amendment on1865. This amendment mentioned that “neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction”

After Lincoln was assassinated on 1865, vice president Andrew Johnson took his position and pursuit with Lincoln’s objectives of Reconstruction. However, in some southern states they approved the called “Black Codes”- which means some restraints on black people. As a result of what was happening on the South, on 1865 the Congress was against these actions and refused to join some states that practice these black codes. Although, African Americans started creating their own communities, institutions, newspapers, fraternal orders and some others started looking for their...
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