Reconstruction

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 136
  • Published : March 10, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
!

Mikayla Musco History 17.2 February 9, 2013

The Reconstruction
Chapter One

!

Mikayla Musco History 17.2 February 9, 2013

Reconstruction
The Reconstruction of the South was the time period after the Civil War; where several different groups in the government tried to solve the economic, political, and social problems. Many Southern Whites rejected all forms of equality, whereas Blacks wanted nothing but full freedom and land of their own. A lot of the controversy led to frequent and inevitable riots. The Reconstruction of the South lasted 12 years from 1865 to 1877. It was one of the most controversial periods in the nation’s history. In that time period Blacks were blamed for many things. One of those things they were blamed for were the failures during The Reconstruction period. Question one: “What were the failures of Reconstruction and what were its successes?” There were many failures during The Reconstruction, some issues were the Klu Klux Klan, poverty, Black-codes, and taxes. The Klu Klux Klan was a group of white men who wore white robes and pretended to be the ghosts of Confederate soldiers. Some say they were frightened of change and the rising rights of African Americans. They felt that they were meant be slaves and laborers all their lives. Unfortunately, the Klu Klux Klan was a very violent group. They would attack the African Americans frequently, setting their houses on fire and letting them burn to the ground. Poverty during The Reconstruction period was an issue in the South. Southern white landowners had lost all their land and many Blacks were newly freed. Blacks and Whites alike were all having trouble finding land they could afford. Sadly for both, tenant farming and

!

Mikayla Musco History 17.2 February 9, 2013

sharecropping became their way of living. Sharecropping and tenant farming was when farm owners would hire a family to work on their farm. Some attempted to sell land for a very low cost, some could afford it, but many were still having troubles affording even the low cost land. Fortunately, there was a solution called the Southern Homestead Act. The Southern Homestead Act was passed on July 21st, 1866. This act opened up 46 million acres of public land for sale in 160-acre plots in the Southern states. There were Black-Codes, which meant that even though the slaves were freed men there was still restrictions. They restricted their economic rights, which meant they couldn't vote. They also couldn't hold office or serve on a jury, and they could not receive a public education. Also another failure during The Reconstruction period were taxes. Since there was so much damage from the Civil War, taxes were elevated in order to rebuild the South.

Question one, two and three: “What were the failures of Reconstruction and what were its successes?” “Why did it collapse, to the extent that it did?” “How successful was the Union in reincorporating the southern states and people?” Although it seemed like The Reconstruction period looked like a total disaster, and many people criticized it, or made it almost “mission impossible.” The Reconstruction helped develop the role of the federal government in protecting citizens’ rights, and the possibility of economic and racial justice. It was also the effort for African Americans, whom where formerly enslaved to obtain full freedom and claim their rights as citizens. Although these where subjects that caused a lot of tension in the “New America”, The Reconstruction was the start of fixing all the problems regarding inequality. Some slaves stayed with their former masters, and some took the advantage of being free. But Robert. E Lee and a

!

Mikayla Musco History 17.2 February 9, 2013

few others had called on people to stay and help rebuilding the former Confederate states. Regardless, many removed themselves from the South because of the catastrophe, and the defeat of the South. Many slaves moved to the northern states and...
tracking img