Reconstruction Web Quest
4 January 2013
1. Lincoln offered pardon to those in the South that pledged allegiance to the United States. When 10% of Southerners signed the allegiance, the Congress would then reinstate the South into the Union. 2. The opposition they faced was the Radical Republic. They wanted the majority of Southerners to sign the document and they wanted to put the South under military rule. 3. Lincoln was assassinated at the Ford’s Theater by John Wilkes Booth. 4. Johnson’s reconstruction plan was different from Lincoln’s because Lincoln went easy on the South and wanted to make it as fast and painless as possible to reinstate the South into the Union. Johnson wanted to pay it a lot harder to accept the South into the Union again. 5. The Radical Republics strongly opposed Johnson’s policies. 6. No, Congress did not have a legitimate reason for impeaching Johnson. They disliked the way he handled things and his policies so they stuck him with a lot of charges that he was not necessarily guilty of in order to get him impeached. Part 2
1. Once freed, the struggles the slaves faced were unemployment, poverty, discrimination, a justice system that was not in their favor, and an education system that deliberately made it difficult for blacks to obtain an education. 2. The Black Codes were laws enacted in 1865 and 1866 that reduced the rights of black people. 3. The Jim Crow laws were laws that supported racial segregation. 4. They segregated whites and black in schools, restaurants, buses, bathrooms, work, etc. 5. The first Ku Klux Klan was formed to oppose the reconstruction plans of the Radical Republic and to maintain “white supremacy”. 6. Some ways the members of the KKK would abuse African Americans would be to build wooden crosses and burn them on it and to lynch them. Part 3
1. Abraham Lincoln was in favor of the 13th Amendment the most because he wanted to free the slaves. He saw slavery as unmoral and unjust. Also, the slaves favored it because they were no longer tied down to an owner and could be free. 2. One of the earliest attempts to abolish slavery was the raid on Harper’s Ferry by John Brown. I was unsuccessful because he was caught and surrounded by soldiers. Then, he was sentenced to death. 3. The 14th Amendment attempted to guarantee the freedoms of African Americans by granting them citizenship and to protect freed slaves. Also, it prohibited states from depriving or abridging the privileges of the immunity of the citizens. 4. The 14th Amendment was unsuccessful in guaranteeing equal rights because Congress was not able to thoroughly control racism and cultural conflicts like the KKK. Part 4
1. Plessy v. Ferguson was about having separate but equal facilities for the blacks and the whites. 2. The court decision was that separate but equal facilities were constitutional. 3. The Supreme Court case that reversed that jurisdiction was the Brown v. The Board of Education of Topeka case. 4. It said that separate but equal facilities were “inherently unconstitutional” and violated the 14th Amendment. Part 5
Carpetbaggers- Carpetbaggers were Northerners who moved to the South during the reconstruction era. They made a big impact politically although not always in a positive way. They caused a large amount of debts and poor management during construction. Scalawags- Scalawags were white Southern politicians who joined the Republican party after the war ended. They supported reconstruction and made many policies to encourage it. KKK- The KKK were a group of whites from the South. They were formed to maintain white supremacy and were opposed to the Reconstruction policies of the Radical Republic. They had a negative effect because they opposed reconstruction and promoted discrimination. Freedman- Freedman were slaves that were freed after the Congress passed the Act of 1867 which freed...