Recidivism Rates

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Lower education rates will raise recidivism rates because many prisoners who lack education and re-enter society will not be self-sufficient as education provides the basis for employment. Heather Ongley

Lorena Quintero
Amanda Winter
Darren Robinson
CJA/334
Philip Russo
September 17, 2012

Introduction
Before understanding the research to be conducted, one must understand the who, what, when, and why of the issue. Many people know and understand that with a better education they will have a better chance in succeeding in the business world. Getting a good paying job without an education is very difficult to do. Those in prison have it even harder, not only do they lack the necessary education; they also have a criminal record as well. However, by providing them a better education while they are in prison can provide them with a better chance at finding a job. The recidivism rates come into play when looking into providing an education to prisoners. Recidivism rates are the rates that “refers to the relative number of prisoners who, after being released, return to prison or jail because they have committed another crime” (USlegal.com, 2001-2012). The whole point of conducting this study is to determine if first the prisoners are willing to be educated and second if the education provided will help lower the recidivism rates. Some questions to ask during this research could include;

* Why the prisoner committed the crime?
* Where they lacking for money?
* Did they just do the crime because they wanted to or because they had no choice? * What kind of child of child hood they had?
* Were they poor?
* Did they lack for food or clothing?
* Did they grow up in a criminal environment?
* What are the chances that if they got an education, they would return to the criminal lifestyle? * What kind of education is offered to prisoners during their stay?

* Are education classes offered to all inmates? If not, who qualifies to enroll in classes * Rate the importance of inmates receiving education for rehabilitation from 1-10.

* Do you feel that prisons that don’t offer education for inmates should be held responsible for high recidivism rates? * Do you feel that college education would be more beneficial than G.E.D. classes In regards to lowering recidivism rates?

Without education, it is likely that ex-convicts will end back in prison and most of them do just that. According to the BOJ (Bureau of Justice), 65.7% of the 272,111 prisoners who were released in 15 different states in 1994 ended up back in prison within three years, convicted of a felony or serious misdemeanor. In these present times, the number is getting higher. This study is important because society believes that ex-convicts need to turn their lives around by finding work and doing right by society. It is critical to understand that if prisoners do not have a chance to receive education; it will raise the chances of them going back into prison because jobs will not be willing to hire someone who lacks general knowledge. This research will help gather true statistics and findings on why lower education rates raise recidivism levels for prisoners so that prison officials can apply the research and come up with reasonable solutions that will reduce recidivism rates. Among the issues that arise from the problem of lower education could include crime, violence, and overpopulated prisons. With recidivism comes crime and violence. Prisoners who do not have education will rely on the things they are comfortable and familiar with. This will result in innocent people potentially getting hurt or even killed. Rationale

The research questions are perfect for the issue regarding the applied research. With lower education rates raising recidivism levels, we have to get with prison officials, including wardens, etc. to figure out what are being done and what can be done to get prisoners education so...
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