As a result of tough on crime policies and the subsequent war on drugs, the number of individuals involved with criminal justice system continues to rise at alarming rates. Since 1980, the incarceration rate has tripled. 1 in 20 Americans will spend time in prison during their lifespan. The numbers speaks for themselves. Currently there are an estimated 2 million people in U.S. federal and state prisons. Given the unprecedented rise of individuals now involved with the American criminal justice system and the soaring rates or recidivism, there is a great need for systemic changes to address the issues confronting the ex-offender populations in this country.
TOPIC: "WHY IS THERE SUCH A HIGH RATE OF RECIDIVISM AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS?
TABLE OF CONTENTS
II. PROBLEM STATEMENT
III. PURPOSE OF STUDY
IV. RESEARCH QUESTIONS
V. LIMITATIONS OF STUDY
VI. DEFINITION OF TERMS
VII. RESEARCH METHODS
VIII. LITERATURE REVIEW
IX. LITERATURE SUMMARY
X. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY
XI. EXPECTED OUTCOME
Recidivism is the term used to describe ex-offenders who return to prison as a result of continued criminal behavior. Within the African American community, the recidivism rate is astronomical. There are several motivating factors leading to recidivism within the African American community and they are as follows:
Lack of education
Lack of employment
Most often when African American ex-offenders return to the community, they return to the same negative environment that they left, which is usually plagued by drug addiction, criminal activity and economic depression. Today in corrections, there is a tremendous amount of focus on the recidivism rate among African Americans. In the Cook County Adult Probation Department alone, more than half of the ex-offenders are African American. A national dialogue has emerged that calls for a major... [continues]
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