Recession in India

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RESEARCH REPORT ON
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FINANCIAL CRISIS OF 2007, CAUSES AND EFFECT ON INDIAN BANKING SECTOR -------------------------------------------------

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MACRO ECONOMICS
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ASSIGNMENT NO. 1
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Compiled by:
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SYMBIOSIS INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES

INDEX| PAGE NO.|
Financial Crisis|  |
Background and Causes|  |
Financial markets impact|  |
Global effects|  |
Effects of Recession on India|  |
Effects on Banks|  |
What corrective measures were taken?|  |
Future Outlook|  |
What Industry Experts Think?|  |
Conclusion|  |
Bibliography|  |
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INTRODUCTION

The recent financial crisis has put a major impact on all commercial sectors of India. We have covered the reason and causes of the financial crisis which emerged from U.S and impacted the entire world. Though the effect on banking sector was similar but it was corrected with proper measures and circulars. We have compiled the said report which helps in understanding what corrective steps were taken which helped the banks to emerge out of the turmoil.

Financial Crisis
The financial crisis of 2007 to the present is a crisis triggered by a liquidity shortfall in the United States banking system caused by the overvaluation of assets. It has resulted in the collapse of large financial institutions, the bailout of banks by national governments and downturns in stock markets around the world. In many areas, the housing market has also suffered, resulting in numerous evictions, foreclosures and prolonged vacancies. It is considered by many economists to be the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s. It contributed to the failure of key businesses, declines in consumer wealth estimated in the trillions of U.S. dollars, substantial financial commitments incurred by governments, and a significant decline in economic activity. Many causes have been suggested, with varying weight assigned by experts. Both market-based and regulatory solutions have been implemented or are under consideration, while significant risks remain for the world economy over the 2010–2011 periods. The collapse of a global housing bubble, which peaked in the U.S. in 2006, caused the values of securities tied to real estate pricing to plummet thereafter, damaging financial institutions globally. Questions regarding bank solvency, declines in credit availability, and damaged investor confidence had an impact on global stock markets, where securities suffered large losses during late 2008 and early 2009. Economies worldwide slowed during this period as credit tightened and international trade declined. Critics argued that credit rating agencies and investors failed to accurately price the risk involved with mortgage-related financial products, and that governments did not adjust their regulatory practices to address 21st century financial markets. Governments and central banks responded with unprecedented fiscal stimulus, monetary policy expansion, and...
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