Recess in Schools

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Recess In Schools

Thesis Statement: Recess should not be taking out of schools because it is way students can burn off surplus energy, it offers the children an opportunity to do free play, and lastly outdoor play has been found to benefit the memory levels of a child (Outdoor Play for Children, 2010, Para. 8). Introduction: Recess has been a tradition in elementary and middle schools for many years. Presently, schools are cutting recess time to allow more time for instruction in math and reading. Recess is not only being cut back in school, but spaces for outdoor playground are not being allowed in some new schools in larger cities. Recess should not be taking out of schools because it is a way students can burn off surplus energy, it offers the children an opportunity to do free play, and lastly outdoor play has been found to benefit the memory levels of a child (Outdoor Play for Children, 2010, Para. 8).. I.One of the earliest theoretical positions on play was the surplus energy theory. According to this theory, play is possible only when the biological system builds up an excess or surplus of energy. After such an accumulation of energy within the system, the organism engages in play behavior to dissipate or release this surplus energy. a.Evans and Pellegrini believe that only after using up surplus energy through active play can students return to learning and be able to focus. (Pytel, 2009) b.While sitting in the classrooms, elementary teachers witness a buildup of surplus energy. i.Children sitting in classrooms with long periods of time, learning begins to decline when students do not get breaks when needed. ii.Symptoms shown are fidgeting, restlessness, waning concentration, and off-task behavior. c.This theory while being partially correct in its orientation towards learning is restrictive in it approach as it only focuses on academic learning. (Outdoor Play, 2010, para. 8) However, learning can be expelled in a nondestructive manner. i.Children turn aggressive or destructive when they are not able to go outside is being often seen

II.Children permitted to play freely with peers develop skills for seeing things through another person’s point of view cooperating, helping, sharing, and solving problems (NAEYC 1997). a.Unstructured play helps children to express and work out emotional aspects of everyday experiences. b.Free play gives the students relaxation without adults’ interference and reduces the tension that comes with having to achieve or needing to learn.

III.Lastly, outdoor play has been found to benefit the memory levels of a child (Outdoor Play for Children, 2010, para. 8) a.The vitamin D from sunlight also contributes to memory retention and as such is useful in treating children with attention deficit disorder. b.Evans and Pellagrini suggest the cognitive maturity hypothesis suggests that learning is better spaced over time rather than concentrated. (Pytel, 2009) i.Recess time gives the students an opportunity to regroup. ii.Evans and Pellagrini suggest that recess provides the break to optimize attention and increases time on task behavior. (Pytel, 2009) iii.The social and emotional benefits of recess may contribute to a more balanced individual.

Conclusion: As I stated earlier, recess should not be taking out of schools because it is a way students can burn off surplus energy, it offers the children an opportunity to do free play, and lastly outdoor play has been found to benefit the memory levels of a child. (Outdoor Play for Children, 2010, Para. 8) Our society has become increasingly complex, but there remains a need for every child to feel the sun and wind on his cheek and engage in self-paced play. Children’s attempts to make their way across monkey bars, negotiate the hopscotch course, play jacks, or toss a football require intricate behaviors of planning, balance, and strength traits we want to encourage in children. Ignoring the developmental functions of...
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