Reasons for the french revolution

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FRENCH REVOLUTION

CAUSES

1st and 2nd estates did not pay taxes

While the middle class (bourgeoisie) or 3er estate, had to. This included the (lawyers, doctors, etc) who could not advance to the other social class and were treated like pesetas

both aristocratic and the bourgeois elites began to have accustomed to a new social economical reality based on - wealth -economical achievement

were increasingly frustrated by the monarchal system resting on privileges and on an old and rigid social order based on the concept of the estates

A growing frustration at the monarchy's inability to deal with new social realities of the time. (bad harvest that resulted in a depression and food shortage --- 1787-88) rising prices for food and other necessities , and also causing unemployment

collapse in the governments finances , while the government has to face the debts because of the wars France has fought , and the debts because of the debts of royal extravagant lifestyle

government calls the ESTATE GENERAL ( French parliament) that has not been called since 1614 admitting the nation required to raise taxes

LOUIS XVI

Louis XV grandson, 23 yrs old when he turns to be ling

Knows little about the French government and marries to an Austrian princess named Marie Antoinette.

CAHIERS DE DOLEANCES -

Statement of local government which were drafted throughout France during elections to the ESTATES GENERAL

NATIONAL ASSEMBLY

Was created by the 3rd estate and they decided to draw up a constitution

ABBE SEYES

Issued a pamphlet in which he asked, "What is the 3rd estate "EVERYTHING, what does it demand? TO BECOME SOMETHING Sieyes statement however, was not representative of the general feeling in 1789, most delegates still wanted to make changes within a frame work of respect for the authority of the king

THE TENNIS COURT OATH

Finding themselves locked out of their regular meeting place on June 20, 1789 , the deputies of the 3 rd estate met instead in the nearby tennis court of the JEU DE PAUNE and committed themselves to continue to meet until the establish a new constitution for FRANCE .

BASTILLE

Louis XVI planed to use force to dissolve the estates general, but the number of rural and urban upspring by the common people prevented this action, the fall of the BASTILLE, is the most famous of the urban risings--July 14, 1789

GREAT FEAR

A vast panic the spread through France between July 20, and Aug 6. A fear of invasion by foreign troops, aided by a supposed aristocratic plot, encouraged the formation of more citizens militias and permanent comities, the greatest impact of the agrarian revolts and great fear was the nation assembly meeting in Versailles

CIVIL CONSTITUTION AND THE CLERGY

Both bishops and priest of the Catholic Church were elected by the people and paid by the state they where also required to swear an oath of allegiance to the civil constitution

DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN AND THE CITIZEN

It affirms the destruction of the aristocratic privileges by proclaiming an end to exemptions from taxation, freedom and equal right for all men, and access to the public office based on talent. The monarchy was restricted and all citizens were to have the right "to take a part in the legislative process, freedom of speech and press were couple with the outlaw of arbitrary arrest

OLYMPE DE GOUGES

A playwright who refused to accept this exclusion of women from political rights, she insisted that women should have all the same rights as men. The national assembly ignored her demands

CONSTITUTION OF 1791

National assembly -> limited constitutional monarchy - still asking but he enjoyed few power not subj. to review by the new legislative assembly

Assembly was set for 2 yrs and consisted of 745 representatives chosen by an induct system of election power in the hands of the more affluent members of society.

Active citizen could vote (men over...
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