Reasons for Unemployment in Pakistan

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CERTIFICATION
Certified that the contents and form of reported entitled

“CAUSES OF UNEMPLOYEMENT IN SOCIETY”

Has been founded satisfactory for the requirement of the degree

Dedicated
to our
Sweet parents
Teachers
And
Friends

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

First of all we show my gratitude to Allah Almighty who has always bestowed upon us his blessings.

Then a bundle of thanks to my parents who have supported us financially and morally.

Moreover we are grateful to Miss Fareeha Zaheer who provided us with a chance to work on this topic.

Table of contents:
ABSTRACT………………………………………………………………….01 CHAPTER NO 1
INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………02 1.Unemployment………………………………………………………….03 2.Employed…………….. ………………………………………………..03 3.Out of labor force………..……………………………………………...03 4.Labor force……………………………………………………………...03 5.Causes of unemployment in Pakistan…………………………………..03 CHAPTER NO 2

Review of the related literatures………………………………………………05 1.Pakistan’s poverty rate……………………………………………….05 2.Pakistan’s image in recent years……………………………………..06 3.Improvement in Pakistan’s relation …………………………………06 4.View of Quaid-e-Azam about unemployment……………………….06 5.Few chances of employment…………………………………………07 6.Impact of unemployment on society…………………………………07 a) Increase in Crime………………………………………………...08 7.Uneven distribution of income……………………………………….09 8.Objective of study……………………………………………………11 CHAPTER NO 3

Methodology…………………………………………………………………12 Procedure adopted…………………………………………………………...12 1)Target Population ………………………………………………..12 2)Sample Population……………………………………………….12 3)Sample Size ………………………………………………………13 4)Sampling Method…………………………………………………13 5)Method Of Inquiry………………………………………………..13 6)Data collection…………………………………………………….13 7)Data analysis………………………………………………………13

CHAPTER NO 4

Delimitations of the study………………………………………………14 Questionnaire analysis………………………………………………….14 CHAPTER NO 5
Findings………………………………………..……………………………21 Conclusion…………………………………………………………………..22 Suggestions and Recommendations…………………………………… …..24

CHAPTER NO 6
References…………….…………………………………………………….25 Questionnaire………………………………………………………………...26 UNEMPLOYMENT — A NIGHTMARE
Quaid-e-Azam’s dream of exploiting the immense natural resources of the country for the best possible benefit of the people did not come true By Syed M. Aslam
Jul 05 - 11, 1999
The founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, had dreamt of exploiting the immense natural resources of the country for the best possible benefit of the people. Accordingly, he eulogized the people to "work, work and work" to make Pakistan a prosperous state where Muslims of the sub-continent would have better religious, economic and financial freedom unlike the limitations imposed on them by the Hindus in the undivided India. After over fifty years, today, the dream of Quaid-e-Azam still remains to be materialized as the successive governments failed to exploit the natural and human resources wisely. Arguably, the economy is in such a worsening state which the country never experienced before. It is obvious from the fact that the biggest portion of the budget today goes towards the payments of foreign debts. Little is left for education, health and development. This has taken a serious toll on the employment opportunities in the country where finding a job at all levels is becoming harder by each passing day due to frequent lay-offs in the public sector in particular and private sector in general. There are many seekers but few jobs. In a society where ‘who you know’ has replaced ‘what you know’ as the major criteria for jobs, chances of employment are bleak due to massive downsizing in the public sector. Tens of thousands of graduates leaving the universities every year are finding it harder to find a suitable employment. Not only it is hard to find a job but the high level of unemployment has also hurt those already employed in a distinct way....
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