(1) Define Sir Walter Raleigh and the Lost Colony of Roanoke and the purpose of English colonization.
Towards the end of the 16th century, the English began to think more seriously about North America as a place to colonize: as a market for English goods and a source of raw materials and commodities such as furs. The English started to realize that colonizing the new world would bring England many advantages and would help Brittan better compete with Spain, England’s economic rival at the time. The New World would also provide a place to send the English poor and put them to better use where they could contribute to the nation's wealth.
England’s first attempt to settle North America came a year prior to its victory over the Spanish armada in 1587, when Sir Walter Raleigh sponsored a settlement on Roanoke Island, which is now known as North Carolina. By 1590 the colonists disappeared after three years elapsed without supplies from England during the Anglo-Spanish War, and so it became known as The Lost Colony.
(2) Define John Cabot’s and England’s claim to North America and England’s purpose for exploration.
John Cabot was an Italian explorer who ended up in England around the 1490’s. Cabot believed you can reach Asia by taking a western route that was more northerly than Columbus’s. He started his expedition in 1497 and landed in the new world or what he believed was East Asia. He returned to England and gained much fame. He was considered a hero allover England. He then went on a second expedition in 1498 to try and find a direct route to china but was unsuccessful and sadly did not return.
After seeing the riches Cortes brought back from South America England wanted a piece of it and so they set out to explore the New World. England looked to compete with Spain, its economic rival of the time. Also England wanted to find an easier route to Asia which it can use to import items form china directly instead of having to trade with Arab and Venetian merchants.
(3) Define Richard Hakluyt’s Discourse on Western Planting and how it encouraged colonization in North America.
Before any attempt to colonize America there were many people who believed that taking a chance to colonize the New World would bring many benefits to England. These people included Sir Walter Raleigh and his cousin Richard Hakluyt. To support Sir Walter Raleigh’s idea of colonizing Roanoke, Hakluyt wrote a report, which is known as The Discourse on the Western Planting. It was written to convince Elizabeth I to grant Raleigh a charter to explore America so England could benefit from the riches that awaited them. The report contained interviews with captains and sailors that returned from their voyages from the New World. Hakluyt would edit some of these quotations in order to exaggerate how fantastic the New World was and emphasize how the land was great for farming and had many resources. This was all done to convince Elizabeth I that the New World was worth colonizing.
(4) Define Jamestown as the first colony in 1607, Captain John Smith and the House of Burgesses.
After the failed attempt of settling the Roanoke region the English did not try to create another settlement until 1607, when they settled Jamestown. Jamestown was funded by a joint stock company, a group of investors who bout the right to establish New World plantations from the king. The company was called the Virginia Company. Jamestown almost failed just as the Lost Colony had. The settlers, who were mostly men, were poorly suited to the many changes of the new world. John Smith, served president of the Jamestown colony from 1608 to 1609, he required the colonists to work and traded with the Indians for food. One can say that the colony survived because of Captain John Smith’s leadership. Captain John Smith imposed very harsh military like law. His motto was ‘he who will not work shall not eat.” Things got so bad for the colonists that during the Starving time of...
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