Reasoning and History
WHAT IS HISTORY?
I am sure that If I ask this to you, you’ll probably answer that is the study of the past, we have a history class where we learn things from the past. In fact the answer is more complicated than that.
In contrast, history is a narrative text, written in the present about the past, using evidence that the past has left behind. This is important because all history must just be an interpretation of the past and never the ‘same thing’ as the past. One of the history´s problems is the evidence because of the lack of evidence, which doesn´t help us too much to support some ideas or beliefs. But for example with modern history, we have the opposite; the problem is that we have too much evidence.
Once we start talking about “significant events” we run in to the problem of how to decide whether or not an event is significant.
History is not only to describe the past, also to explain and understand it. That´s why we can say that history is more than just a catalogue of important dates and events, it is the fact of know what happened and why.
History gives us a sense of identity because for example for a country we can now how it was and compares it with its actual status. We can compare how human were in the past, how everything began, how things were created, etc.
“Reason is itself a matter of faith. It is an act of faith to assert that our thoughts have any relation to reality at all”
Reasoning is defined as the act of think, understand, and form judgments by a process of logic. It refers to finding an answer to a problem by considering various possible solutions.
This is a source of knowledge that gives us certainty. We discover important truths about reality though this source, which is why reason is clearly an important way of knowing.
There exist three kinds of reasoning.
* Deductive Reasoning
* Inductive Reasoning
* Informal Reasoning
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