Primarily, the main reason for prodigious differentiation between New England and the Chesapeake region at the start of their existence was the separate intentions of the leaders of the two. The reasons why these colonists traveled to America led to the development of two different societies from the colonial period up until 1700. Factors sprouting from these intentions include social factors, political factors, and economic factors. These factors and motives are the basis of the two different lifestyles of people who were once, and would eventually be, of the same culture; of the same civilization.
First and foremost, the piety of settlers of New England was the beginning of an inevitable dissimilarity among the two. These were people that had been persecuted because of their Catholicism when they were in England (after King George had separated from the Church of England). Their religious motives created a simple, however assiduous, lifestyle. They believed they were God's chosen people to be a "city upon a hill" (Doc. A); a model nation for other nations of the world to follow. These so called Puritans believed that any lazy hands were those of one who had befriended the devil. Puritans of New England believed every man was created equal. Because of these principles, slavery was not worthy in New England and it was not uncommon for one to do his own work. This significant belief is one of the many elements that sets New England apart from the Chesapeake region. The people of the Chesapeake region were extremely supportive of slavery. In this way, New Englanders and the people of the Chesapeake region were different socially.
Secondly, the economy of New England and the Chesapeake region was another contrasting factor between the two that led to the almost total incomparability of the two areas. The Chesapeake's focus was mainly economic gain. The people of New England believed that everyone was entitled to "a convenient proportion for a house...
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