Reality television (also known as reality show) is a television programming genre that presents unscripted and humorous situations, documents actual events and usually features ordinary people instead of professional actors. Much of reality television programming falls into a subcategory as certain collections of shows within the genre use specific themes and focuses or incorporate elements from other genres, i.e., reality documentaries, reality game shows, reality legal programming. Reality television began in 1938 with Alan Funt's TV series Candid Camera.The genre exploded as a phenomenon around 1999–2000 with the success of such television series as Big Brother and Survivor.Programs in the reality television genre are often are produced in a television series. Documentaries, television news and sports television are usually not classified as reality shows. Reality television offers viewers a glimpse into the lives of people that might otherwise not be seen. It can also be seen as a platform for the subjects of the programs, to clear up misconceptions, and show their story or struggle. The genre covers a wide range of television programming formats, from game show or quiz shows which resemble the frantic, Japanese variety shows produced in Japan in the 1980s and 1990s (such as Gaki no tsukai), to surveillance- or voyeurism-focused productions such as Big Brother. Reality television frequently portrays a modified and highly influenced form of day-to-day life, at times utilizing sensationalism to attract audience viewers and increase advertising revenue. Participants are often placed in exotic locations or abnormal situations, and are often persuaded to act in specific scripted ways by off-screen "story editors" or "segment television producers", with the portrayal of events and speech manipulated and contrived to create an illusion of reality through direction and post-production editing techniques. Types of Reality Shows
Celeb-Reality: Reality shows with celebrities are a rage with the audience. Examples: Dancing with the Stars, The Simple Life, and Big Brother
Prank-Reality: Reality shows that involve pranks played on ordinary people and capturing their candid reaction. Examples:Candid Camera, Punk’d (Ashten Kuthcher)
Game Shows: Reality shows that are based on games.
Examples: Who wants to be a Millionaire?" Hollywood Blocks, Weakest Link
Talent Hunts: Reality shows that are looking for talented people be it singers, dancers or even actors. Example: American Idol, America’s Got Talent, Star Search
Job-hunts: Shows that are synonymous with live on air interviews are listed under this category. Example: The Apprentice, On the Lot (Directors), Project Runway (For fashion Designers), The Runway (Tommy Hilfiger), Hell’s Kitchen (Chefs)
Makeovers: Reality shows with make over stories. Be it a personal makeover or a home make over, these shows are very popular with the audience. Example: Monster House, What-not-to-wear, While You Were Out
Dating-Shows: Reality shows that gave a platform for dating men and women on air. Example: For Love or For Money, Perfect Match New York
Social Experiments: A relatively new genre of reality television that involves interaction of distinct social groups. Example: The Beauty and the Geek, Wife Swap, My Big Fat Obnoxious Fiancé. advantages
For one, the main reason reality TV shows were created was to give the average man his fifteen minutes of fame. It gives anyone and everyone a chance to be on TV; which is a major boost in self-confidence for any person. It's also something new and different than game shows or sports programs.
Teenagers also seem to get great enjoyment out of the programs, because it's more easy to relate to. It gives the average person a chance to follow their dreams of being on TV, and even to get lucky and win large amounts of money that could turn their lives around. Disadvantages
A major disadvantage of reality TV shows is that they are...
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