Hyun Jung Kim
Film History II (Wednesday 12:00-2:50)
10 April 2012
Realism in Lim Soon Rye's movies
Lim Soon Rye is a well known movie director in South Korea. Lim was born in 1960 in Korea She studied English Literature at Han Yang University in Korea in 1985 and earned a Associate Degree in Film at Université Paris-VIII in France in 1992. To understand the prominent influence of Korean Realism and Italian Neorealism in Lim's movies, understanding of early Korean film history is essential.
Korean Realism is established under special situation of Korea. South Korea was under the control of Japanese government for a long time and this brings a Nationalism Realism into a popular movie genre in Korean film industry in the 1930s and 40s. This trend continues and expands as Korea is freed from the rule of Japanese imperialism in 1945. The Korean government enforces the regulation that incorporates 71 film companies to 16, which happens for the first time in Korean film history. Also the government allows film makers to import foreign films as long as the film maker is producing local Korean films trying to protect local film business and control the film industry under Korean government's power. This effort accelerates the development of Korean film industry and production of movies that are largely influenced by foreign films.
The 1990s is called "Renaissance of Korean film" with emergence of the democratic government of Roh Tae Woo which leads to re-emergence of realism movies that were regulated and censored under military regime in the 1970s. One of the prominent features of Lim's movies is an influence of Italian Neorealism. Neorealism is "a developed concept to reveal the value that realism," which exists during the Italian art history, seeks which is portraying the reality and the fact to show irony in reality (Jung 103). In other words, characteristics of Italian Neorealism are re-interpreted under the specific social and...