Real Estate Context in India

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REAL ESTATE IN INDIAN CONTEXT-OPPORTUNITIES
AND CHALLENGES

Vijayakumar A B* and Dr.K.Nagendra Babu**

*Research scholar, DOS in Commerce, University of Mysore.
** ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR, DOS in Commerce, University of Mysore.

ABSTRACT
The real estate sector in India assumed greater prominence with the
Liberalization of the economy, as the consequent increase in business opportunities and labour migration led to rising demand for commercial and housing space. The real estate sector in India is presently worth USD15 billion and it is growing at a phenomenal rate of 30% per year. This sector is the second largest employer in India, after the agricultural sector. Having attained maturity, the real estate sector is attracting huge investments, especially (Foreign Direct Investment) FDI. Today, real estate in India addresses the demand for built-up space, from a variety of property segments such as offices, residential units, shopping malls, hospitality industry, manufacturing sector and logistics parks, to name a few. The real estate sector is also active in the establishment of SEZs and the building of townships; it is spreading to the smaller cities and underpins their growth. Infrastructure developments closely parallel real estate developments. This paper presents a panoramic view of the operations of Indian real estate sector in various property segments, the challenges faced by the sector and its prospects.

Keyword: FDI, Infrastructure, Real Estate, Township.

INTRODUCTION
The term “real estate” is defined as land, including the air above it and the earth below it and any buildings or structures on it. Land plus anything permanently fixed to it, including buildings, sheds and other items attached to the structure. Although, media often refers to the "real estate market" from the perspective of residential living, real estate can be grouped into three broad categories based on its use: residential, commercial and industrial. Examples of real estate include undeveloped land, houses, condominiums, town homes, office buildings, retail store buildings and factories. At present, the real estate and construction sectors are playing a crucial role in the overall development of India’s core infrastructure. Real Estate in India is one of the most important revenue generating sectors. In every assets are having depreciation value. Investment in property is believed to be the smartest move as chances of loss is negligible. The growth and appreciation in this sector is directly influences the economy of the country. In case in our India if a person having a property of your own is a matter of pride for him, attachment to the property is massive. Also, it is the most profitable investment in India. The growth graph of the Real Estate sector is observed to be rising day by day.

The real estate industry’s growth is linked to developments in the retail, hospitality and entertainment (hotels, resorts, cinema theatres) industries, economic services (hospitals, schools) and information technology (IT)-enabled services (like call centers) etc and vice versa. The Indian real estate sector has traditionally been dominated by a number of small Regional players with relatively low levels of expertise and financial resources. Historically, the sector has not benefited from institutional capital; instead, it has Traditionally tapped high net-worth individuals and other informal sources of financing, which has led to low levels of transparency. This scenario underwent a change with in line with the sector’s growth, and as of today, the real estate industry’s dynamics reflect consumers’ expectations of higher quality with India’s increasing integration with the global economy.

OBJECTIVES
The paper aims to examine the present scenario of real estate in India. In this broader framework, an attempt has been made to achieve the following specific objectives: 1. To study the fundamental factors...
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