Reading Module

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Reading Module #2
On Your Own
Vocabulary Strategies
Directions for Reading #1 and #2: After reading each passage, use vocabulary strategies to define the key words that are listed in the boxes below each passage. Proofread your answers before uploading the exercise to the Dropbox for this week.

Reading #1: Improved Eating for the College Student

Food Allergy or Food Intolerance

At some point in time, food allergies or food intolerance will affect nearly everyone. You eat something, develop gas, or have an unpleasant visit to the bathroom, and assume that it is a food allergy. One out of every three people today either say they have a food allergy or avoid something in their diet because they think they are allergic to it; in fact, only three percent of all children and one percent of all adults experience genuine allergic reactions to what they eat. Surprised? Most people are when they hear this.

A food allergy, or hypersensitivity, is an abnormal response to a food that is triggered by the immune system. Reactions range from minor rashes to severe swelling in the mouth, tongue, and throat, to violent vomiting and diarrhea and occasionally death.

In adults, the most common foods to cause true allergic reactions are shellfish (such as shrimp, crayfish, lobster, and crab); peanuts, which can cause severe anaphylaxis (a sudden drop in blood pressure that can be fatal if not treated promptly); tree nuts, such as walnuts; fish; and eggs. In children, food allergens that cause the most problems are eggs, milk, and peanuts.

In contrast to allergies, in cases of food intolerance, you may have symptoms of gastric upset, but they are not the result of an immune system response. Probably the best example of food intolerance is lactose intolerance, a problem that affects about one in every ten adults. Lactase is an enzyme in the lining of the gut that degrades lactose, which is in dairy products. If you don’t have enough lactase, lactose cannot be digested and remains in the gut to be used by bacteria. Gas is formed, and you experience bloating, abdominal pain, and sometimes diarrhea. Food intolerance also occurs in response to some food additives, such as the flavor enhancer MSG, certain dyes, sulfites, gluten, and other substances. In some cases, the food intolerance may have psychological triggers.

[Adapted from College Reading & Writing, Pearson Custom Publishing, 2005, p. 23-24]

Word Parts|
Hypersensitivity|
1. State the meaning of the word hypersensitivity by using word parts.Hyper means over, sensitivity means being sensitive. When it put together, it means excessively sensitive. 2. Explain how each word part helped you to define the word hypersensitivity.I break it up into two words, hyper and sensitivity. After define both words, I put the both meaning together, and make it into one word meaning. |

Definition Clue|
Anaphylaxis |
1. State the definition of the word anaphylaxis by using the definition clue.Anaphylaxis means exaggerated allergic reaction. 2. Copy the context sentence in which the definition of anaphylaxis appears.“the most common foods to cause true allergic reactions are shellfish (such as shrimp, crayfish, lobster, and crab); which can cause severe anaphylaxis (a sudden drop in blood pressure that can be fatal if not treated promptly)”|

Word Parts|
Intolerance|
1. State the meaning of the word intolerance by using word parts.I will breaking down into intolerant and ance. Intolerant means unable or unwilling to tolerate or endure, ance means appearance. It means lack of toleration; unwillingness or refusal to tolerate. 2. Explain how each word part helped you to define the word intolerance..There are not prefix in this word, but it has suffix, which is the ance. Ance from adjective or verb to form a noun. An adjective of intolerance is intolerant. That’s how I break it down. |

Example Clues|
Additives|
1. State the meaning of the...
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