Reading fluency is defined by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) as: "the ease or 'naturalness' of reading," including how a reader (i) groups or phrases words as revealed through intonation, stress, and pauses; (ii) adheres to the writer's syntax; and (iii) expresses oneself in feeling, anticipation, and characterization during oral reading.
According to Ann Logsdon from About,com.guide; reading fluency is the ability to read phrases and sentences smoothly and quickly, while understanding them as expression of complete ideas.
Reading fluency is the power to read quickly and accurately. The more fluent a reader, the more he or she automatically groups and recognizes words. Fluent readers excel at oral reading, which is highlighted by smooth and natural expression.
For me, Reading fluency is important because it provides a bridge between word recognition and reading comprehension. Since fluent readers don't have to concentrate on decoding the actual words, they can focus their attention on what the text actually means. They can make mental connections throughout the text, as well as apply those connections to their personal backgrounds and experiences. Simply, fluent readers recognize the words and comprehend their overall meaning at the same time. Unfortunately, Reading fluency is a significant struggle for many. The less fluent a reader, the more he or she must focus on decoding individual words. Less fluent readers have difficulty with oral reading, which is often slow, choppy, and without natural expression. Less fluent readers must focus their time and attention on figuring out the words, leaving little room for actually understanding the text. Since reading fluency is the key to reading comprehension, less fluent readers often fall behind...