Raymond Carver (1938 -1988)
In today’s society, everyone is expected to read. However, not everyone can read. Many have gone through the public school system and have not learnt to read. School is usually looked upon as the place where students learn to read and as such, the classroom teacher has the responsibility to teach students the skills needed to learn to read.
Chall, Jeannes and Stall, Steven (2001) believes that,” reading is an activity characterised by the translation of symbols, or letters, into words and sentences that have meaning to the individual.” The ultimate goal of reading is to be able to understand written material, to evaluate it, and to use it for one’s needs. Dorothy Rubin (1993) posited that,” reading is a complex, dynamic process that involves the construction of meaning from the printed page.” The writer believes that reading is the way in which an individual make sense of printed words. It is also their ability to interpret what is written.
In order for the reader to become fluent, he or she must follow a sequence of characters arranged in a particular spatial order, for example, in the English system; we read symbols from left to right, while in the Chinese system, symbols are read from top to bottom. However, it is the duty of the reader to know the correct pattern and use it consistently. Individuals who are blind can also learn to read. They can accomplish this by using the Braille system, a printing method that involves raised or pinched dots.
For the beginning reader to effectively learn or master the reading process; various strategies will... [continues]
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