GOVT 2302 – 4501
Reaction Paper 2
The Iron Triangle is a visual and written descriptive that defines how policy becomes law in the United States of America, and all 50 of its states. It begins with the formulation stage. This is where the people, The President of the United States, or Governor of one of the states introduce policy. This is usually brought about because of their agenda and is discussed with agencies and or departments for development and implementation. Upon research being concluded the policy is then considered for adoption by Congress. If it succeeds in getting adopted it is then passed into law, and scheduled for the implementation stage. This is where government executes an adopted policy that is specified by Legislation or the policy action. It is at this stage that various government agencies and departments whom are responsible for that respective area of policy are formally made responsible. This happens after a bill becomes law. Upon policy completing the Implementation Stage, It then moves to the Evaluation Stage. General judgments about cost, impact, goal attainment, program effectiveness, and quality are then determined. The is done because bureaucrats, community leaders, elected officials, policy makers, and the public want to know what policies work and those that don’t. It is through evaluation that we can determine whether a policy’s effects are intended or unintended, or whether the results are positive or negative for the target population and society as a whole. This concludes the 5 stages to policy making.
There are some additional tools that are used in conjunction with the 5 Stages of Policy Making listed above. Administrative Discretion is one. It is the exercise of professional expertise and judgment, as opposed to strict adherence to regulations or statues in making a decision, or performing official acts or duties. It is an informal action, and those who use it must remember... [continues]
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