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The K to 12
Basic Education Program
Paraluman R. Giron,Ph.D.
Consultant, K to 12 Curriculum Development

World Economic Forum Global
Competitiveness Report
Country and Overall Rank
Singapore
Malaysia
Brunei Darussalam
Thailand
Indonesia
Vietnam
Philippines
Cambodia

2008
5
21
39
34
55
70
71
109

2009
3
24
32
36
54
75
87
110

2010
3
26
28
38
44
59
85
109

2011
2
21
28
39
46
65
75
97

We are the last country
in Asia and one of the
only three countries in
the world with a 10year pre-university
program.

•DJIBOUTI
•ANGOLA
•PHILIPPINES

Washington Accord (1989)

– minimum 12 years preuniversity education for
recognition of
engineering
professionals

Bologna Process (1999)

minimum 12 years preuniversity education
for university
admission and practice
of profession in
European countries

EFA
2015
MDGs
2015
BESRA
2015

K - 12
Basic Education Program

EFA 2015
Goals
Expand and improve
comprehensive early
childhood care and
education, especially for
the most vulnerable and
disadvantaged
children.

K - 12
asic Education Program

EFA 2015
Goals
Ensure that by 2015 all
children, particularly
girls, those in difficult
circumstances, and
those belonging to
ethnic minorities,

K - 12
Basic Education Program

EFA 2015
Goals
have access to and
complete , free and
compulsory primary
education of good
quality.

K - 12
Basic Education Program

EFA 2015
Goals
Ensure that the learning
needs of all young
people and adults are
met through equitable
access to appropriate
learning and life-skills
programs.

K - 12
Basic Education Program

EFA 2015
MDGs
2015

K - 12
Basic Education Program

MDGs 2015
The Millennium
Development Goals
are a set of eight timebound, concrete and
specific targets aimed
at significantly
reducing,

K - 12
Basic Education Program

MDGs 2015
if not decisively
eradicating poverty,
by the
year 2015:

K -12
Basic Education Program

MDGs 2015
189 countries
including the
Philippines
committed to attain
the EFA Goals and
MDGs in September
2000.

Goal

Eradicate extreme
poverty and
hunger

Goal

Improve maternal
health

Goal

Goal

Achieve universal
primary education

Promote gender
equality and
empower women

Goal

Combat HIV/AIDS,
malaria and other
diseases

Goal

Ensure
environmental
sustainability

Goal

Reduce child
mortality

Goal

Global
partnership for
development

K - 12
Basic Education Program

EFA 2015
MDGs
2015
BESRA
2015

K - 12
Basic Education Program

BESRA 2015

Basic Education Sector
Reform Agenda

Conceptualized in
2005 to facilitate
implementation of
Philippine EFA 2015
Plan

With K to 12, we will…
Produce holistically developed Filipinos who have
21st century skills and are prepared for higher
education, middle-level skills development,
employment, and entrepreneurship

Vision
Filipino graduates are envisioned to:
• Possess sufficient mastery of basic competencies
(e.g. literacy, numeracy, problem solving, etc.) to
develop themselves to the fullest;
• Be emotionally developed and competent to live
a meaningful life;
• Be socially aware, pro-active, and involve in
public and civic affairs and contribute to the
development of a progressive, just and humane
society;
• Be adequately prepared for the world of work or
entrepreneurship or higher education; be legally
employable; and
• Be globally competent and competitive.

They are characterized as graduates
who:

• Possess healthy mind and body
• Have a solid moral and spiritual
grounding
• Appreciate and care for
humanity, the world and
environment
• Are proud to be Filipinos

Comparison of Current BEC and K to 12 Education
Basic Education Curriculum (BEC) 2002
BEC is a restructuring of the NESC (1983) and the NSEC (1989) in order to raise the quality

of the Filipino...
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