Reaction in Rizal

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Jose Rizal was departed from spain, and it was kept secret from Spanish authorities. On May 3, 1882 he boarded on Salvador bound for Singapore, and that time he was the only Filipino passenger. The captain of the ship, Donato Lecha from Asturias Spain, befriended him although some Spaniards who spoke ill of the Philippines peeved him.

He was conferred the degree of Licentiate in Medicine by the Universidad Central de Madrid on June 21, 1884. The next academic year, he studied and passed all subjects leading to the degree of Doctor of Medicine. However, he did not submit the thesis required for graduation nor paid the corresponding fees. He was not awarded his Doctor’s Diploma.

Jose Rizal also finished his studies in Philosophy and Letters with  higher grades. He was awarded the Degree of Licentiate in Philosophy and Letters by the Universidad Central de Madrid on June 19, 1885 (his 24th birthday) with the rating of excellent.

On May 11, Majority of the passengers were French-speaking. He tried to converse in French using what he learned from Ateneo.

On May 17, they arrived at Point Galle, a seacoast town in southern Ceylon (now Sri Lanka).  He described the place as quiet, lonely and sad.

After a day of stay, the ship continued its voyage towards Colombo, the capital of Ceylon. He was impressed of its scenic beauty and elegant buildings. It was more beautiful and elegant that Singapore, Point Galle, and Manila as he compared.

Naples and Marseilles

On June 11, Rizal reached Naples. This Italian city pleased him because of its business activity, its lively people.

On the night of June 12, the streamer docked at the French harbor of Marseilles. He visited the famous Chateau where Dantes, hero of “the count of Monte Cristo”, was imprisoned. He had enjoyed reading this novel of Alexander Dumas when he was a student at the ateneo. He stayed 2 and half days in the Marseilles, enjoying every day of his sojourn.


Rizal continued his trip by rail, finally reaching his destination, and he reached the Barcelona on June 16, 1882.

In progressive Barcelona, Rizal wrote a nationalistic essay entitled, “Amor Patrio” (Love of Country), his first article written on Spain’s soil. He sent this article to his friend in manila.


Early in August, 1890 – Rizal arrived in Madrid

On November 3, 1882 Rizal enrolled in the Unibersidad Central de Madrid (Central University of Madrid) and he take about two courses and that was medicine and philosophy and letters. And he also studied painting and sculpture in the academy of fine arts of San Fernando,

On Saturday evenings, he visited the home of Don Pablo Ortega y Rey who lived with his son Rafael and daughter Consuelo

In 1882 shortly after his arrival in Madrid, Rizal joined the Circulo Hispano Filipino (Hispano-Philippine Circle) a society of Spaniards and Filipinos. Then he wrote a poem entitled “Me Piden Versos” which he personally declaimed during the New Year’s Eve reception of the Madrid Filipinos held in the evening of December 31, 1882.


During his first summer vacation in Madrid, Rizal went to Paris sojourning in this gay capital of France June 17 , to august 20 1883.

Rizal improves his mind by observing closely the French way of life and spending many hours at the museum.

On the lighter side of his visit in Paris, Rizal was mistaken by the Parisians as a Japanese.

On March 1883, He joined the Masonic lodge called acacia in Madrid, his reason for becoming a mason.

On February 15, 1892 he was awarded the diploma as a master Mason by Le Grand Orient de France in Paris.


On March 11, 1886 he wrote to his younger sister, Trinidad, describing the German girl as...
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